What nations speak Turkish?

What nations speak Turkish?

If you are curious about the countries where Turkish is spoken, you have come to the right place. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive list of nations that speak Turkish as their official language or have a significant population fluent in Turkish. Whether you are interested in the cultural diversity or planning a trip to a Turkish-speaking country, this guide will give you the necessary insights to explore the world of Turkish language and its global reach. Read on to discover the fascinating nations where Turkish is widely spoken.

Nations where Turkish is an official language


Turkey is the primary nation where Turkish is the official language. Located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Turkey is home to approximately 80 million people, making it the most populous country where Turkish is spoken. Turkish is not only the official language of Turkey but also serves as the lingua franca among its diverse population.

The Turkish language, also known as Istanbul Turkish, is an essential part of Turkey’s cultural heritage. It has a rich history dating back to the 11th century and is influenced by various languages such as Arabic, Persian, and French. Turkish is written using the Latin alphabet, making it easily distinguishable from other neighboring languages.

Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus, a self-declared state recognized only by Turkey, is another nation where Turkish is an official language. Located on the northeastern side of the island of Cyprus, this region predominantly speaks Turkish as its primary language.

Due to its complex political history, Northern Cyprus has maintained Turkish as its official language, reflecting its close ties with Turkey. Turkish Cypriots, who make up the majority of the population, use Turkish in their daily lives, education, media, and official communications.

It is worth noting that Turkish in Northern Cyprus is spoken with a slight difference in accent and vocabulary compared to Istanbul Turkish. Nonetheless, the language remains a unifying factor for the Turkish Cypriot community and plays a significant role in their cultural identity.

These two nations, Turkey and Northern Cyprus, are the main regions where Turkish holds the status of an official language. However, Turkish also has a considerable presence in other countries due to historical and cultural influences.

Nations where Turkish is widely spoken


Germany is home to a significant Turkish-speaking population. With a rich history of Turkish immigration, there are approximately three million people in Germany who speak Turkish as their first or second language. Turkish communities can be found in various cities across the country, including Berlin, Cologne, and Frankfurt. The Turkish language has become an integral part of Germany’s multicultural fabric, with Turkish-speaking individuals contributing to the country’s diverse cultural landscape.


In Bulgaria, Turkish is widely spoken due to the country’s historical and cultural ties with Turkey. The Turkish-speaking community in Bulgaria primarily consists of ethnic Turks who have been living in the country for generations. According to estimates, around 10% of Bulgaria’s population speaks Turkish. Turkish-speaking communities are predominantly found in regions such as the Rhodope Mountains and along the Bulgarian-Turkish border. The Turkish language plays a significant role in preserving the cultural heritage of the Turkish minority in Bulgaria.


The Turkish language has a considerable presence in the Netherlands, mainly due to the sizable Turkish community that resides there. Turkish is one of the most spoken non-official languages in the country, with over 400,000 Turkish speakers. The Turkish community in the Netherlands has deep-rooted connections with Turkey, and Turkish is often used within families, social settings, and cultural events. Turkish-speaking individuals in the Netherlands contribute to the multicultural fabric of the country, enriching its linguistic diversity.

By exploring these nations, it becomes evident that Turkish has a significant presence and influence, both culturally and linguistically. The widespread usage of Turkish in Germany, Bulgaria, and the Netherlands showcases the importance of this language in connecting communities and fostering multiculturalism.

Nations with Turkish-speaking minorities


Greece is a country that has a significant Turkish-speaking minority. The Turkish-speaking population in Greece is primarily concentrated in the region of Western Thrace, which borders Turkey. In Western Thrace, Turkish is recognized as a minority language and is protected by the Greek government. The Turkish-speaking community in Greece has its own educational institutions, media outlets, and cultural organizations, which contribute to the preservation and promotion of the Turkish language and cultural heritage.


Romania is another country that is home to a Turkish-speaking minority. The Turkish-speaking population in Romania is mainly found in the Dobruja region, which is located in the southeastern part of the country. The Turkish-speaking community in Romania has a long history, with roots dating back to the Ottoman Empire. Today, Turkish is recognized as a minority language in Romania, and efforts are made to support the Turkish-speaking community and preserve their cultural identity.


In Iraq, there is a significant Turkish-speaking minority, particularly in the northern regions of the country. Turkish is spoken by the Turkmen community in Iraq, who are descendants of the Turkic people. The Turkmen community has a rich cultural heritage and language, which is recognized by the Iraqi government. Turkish-speaking schools and media outlets exist to cater to the needs of the Turkmen community, ensuring the preservation and promotion of the Turkish language and culture in Iraq.

These nations with Turkish-speaking minorities demonstrate the diversity and spread of the Turkish language beyond the borders of Turkey. The recognition and support for the Turkish-speaking communities in these countries contribute to the preservation and enrichment of the Turkish language and cultural heritage.

The Turkish language is primarily spoken in Turkey, where it is the official language. However, it is also spoken in several other countries, including Cyprus, Iraq, Greece, and Bulgaria. Turkish is part of the Turkic language family and has a rich history and cultural significance. With its unique phonetics and grammar, Turkish continues to be spoken and celebrated by millions of people around the world.

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