What States Border New Mexico?

What States Border New Mexico?

New Mexico, a southwestern state in the United States, shares its borders with four other states. These states are Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Texas. Each bordering state brings its unique culture, landscapes, and attractions, making New Mexico a diverse and captivating destination. In this article, we will explore the states that border New Mexico, highlighting their significance and the opportunities they offer for exploration and adventure.

States that Border New Mexico


New Mexico shares a border with the state of Texas along its eastern edge. The border between the two states stretches across approximately 391 miles. This border is defined by the course of the Rio Grande River, which serves as a natural boundary between the two states. The border region is known for its diverse landscapes, ranging from vast deserts to rolling hills and mountains. The border area also witnesses significant cultural and economic exchange, with bustling trade and tourism activities between the neighboring states.


To the northeast of New Mexico lies the state of Oklahoma, with which it shares a small border. The border between New Mexico and Oklahoma spans approximately 59 miles. The border is marked by a straight line that extends from the Four Corners Monument, where the borders of New Mexico, Oklahoma, Colorado, and Texas meet. While the border is relatively short, it is significant in terms of the geographical connections it establishes between the two states.


New Mexico’s northern border is shared with the state of Colorado, creating a boundary that extends for around 349 miles. The border between the two states follows the course of the 37th parallel north, which serves as a geographic reference point. This border region is known for its stunning mountain ranges, including the Sangre de Cristo Mountains and the Southern Rocky Mountains. It offers numerous opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing, and wildlife exploration.


The western border of New Mexico is formed by the state of Arizona. The border between these two states measures around 361 miles. The boundary is marked by a combination of natural features, including mountain ranges and rivers. Notably, the Chihuahuan Desert extends into both New Mexico and Arizona, showcasing unique flora and fauna. The border region also holds cultural significance, with a rich history of Native American tribes and archaeological sites.


To the northwest, New Mexico shares a border with the state of Utah. The border between the two states stretches across approximately 113 miles. This border is defined by a straight line that extends from the Four Corners Monument, where the borders of New Mexico, Utah, Colorado, and Arizona meet. The border region is characterized by stunning landscapes, including canyons, plateaus, and mountains. It attracts outdoor enthusiasts with its opportunities for hiking, rock climbing, and exploring national parks like Zion and Bryce Canyon.

In summary, New Mexico shares borders with Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah. These borders connect the state with diverse landscapes, cultural heritage, and recreational opportunities, making it a fascinating region to explore.

Geographical Features of the State Borders

Rio Grande

The Rio Grande is one of the prominent geographical features that forms a border for the state of New Mexico. This majestic river spans approximately 1,900 miles, making it the fourth-longest river system in the United States. As it meanders through the state, it creates a natural boundary between New Mexico and its neighboring state, Texas. The Rio Grande not only serves as a vital source of water for irrigation and drinking purposes but also offers picturesque landscapes that attract tourists from all over the world. The river is known for its diverse wildlife, including numerous bird species, fish, and reptiles, adding to the natural beauty of the state’s border.

Rocky Mountains

The Rocky Mountains, a renowned mountain range extending across North America, also contribute to the geographical features along New Mexico’s borders. As part of the state’s western border, these majestic mountains provide a stunning backdrop to the landscape. The Rocky Mountains in New Mexico boast breathtaking peaks, deep valleys, and winding trails that attract outdoor enthusiasts, hikers, and adventurers. The rugged beauty of this mountain range adds to the allure of New Mexico’s border, offering opportunities for exploration and adventure.

Chihuahuan Desert

The Chihuahuan Desert, one of the largest deserts in North America, stretches across New Mexico’s southern border. This arid and vast desert ecosystem encompasses parts of New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico. The unique flora and fauna found in the Chihuahuan Desert make it an important natural feature along New Mexico’s border. Cacti, yucca plants, and various species of wildlife have adapted to thrive in this desert environment. The Chihuahuan Desert’s sandy dunes, rugged canyons, and breathtaking sunsets contribute to the distinct beauty of the state’s southern border.

These geographical features of the state borders, including the Rio Grande, Rocky Mountains, and Chihuahuan Desert, showcase the diverse and captivating landscapes that surround New Mexico. Whether it’s the flowing waters of the Rio Grande, the towering peaks of the Rocky Mountains, or the arid beauty of the Chihuahuan Desert, these natural wonders make the borders of New Mexico truly remarkable.

Border Crossings and Trade

Border Crossings

The state of New Mexico shares its borders with four other states in the United States – Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Texas. These border crossings play a crucial role in facilitating trade and economic activities between New Mexico and its neighboring states.

The border crossing points in New Mexico are strategically located and well-maintained to ensure smooth movement of people, goods, and services. The most significant border crossing is with Texas, as it shares the longest border with New Mexico. This crossing sees a high volume of traffic and plays a vital role in promoting trade between the two states.

Import and Export Statistics

The border crossings between New Mexico and its neighboring states contribute significantly to the state’s import and export activities. According to recent statistics, New Mexico has experienced a steady growth in both imports and exports over the years.

In terms of imports, the state primarily receives goods such as machinery, electrical equipment, vehicles, and mineral fuels from its neighboring states. These imports support various industries within New Mexico and help in meeting the demands of the local market.

On the other hand, New Mexico’s exports mainly consist of products like electrical machinery, optical and medical instruments, aircraft parts, and agricultural commodities. These goods are shipped to the neighboring states, contributing to the overall economic growth of both New Mexico and its bordering states.

Trade Agreements

To further enhance trade relationships and promote economic development, New Mexico has entered into various trade agreements with its neighboring states. These agreements aim to eliminate trade barriers, reduce tariffs, and streamline customs procedures, thereby facilitating the movement of goods and services across borders.

One of the significant trade agreements that New Mexico is a part of is the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This agreement has opened up new avenues for trade between New Mexico and its southern neighbor, Mexico, leading to increased export opportunities for the state.

Additionally, New Mexico has also established trade partnerships with Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Texas through regional agreements. These agreements focus on promoting cross-border investments, fostering innovation and technology transfer, and encouraging collaboration in various sectors such as energy, agriculture, and manufacturing.

In conclusion, the border crossings between New Mexico and its neighboring states play a pivotal role in facilitating trade and economic activities. With well-maintained border crossing points, growing import and export statistics, and participation in trade agreements, New Mexico continues to strengthen its trade relationships and drive economic growth in the region.

The article "What States Border New Mexico?" provides a comprehensive overview of the states that share borders with New Mexico. It highlights the four neighboring states, namely Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, and Texas, discussing their geographical features and cultural significance. By examining the intricate connections between New Mexico and its neighboring states, readers gain a deeper understanding of the region’s diversity and the impact it has on various aspects of life. Whether one is interested in travel, history, or economic relationships, this article offers valuable insights into the interconnectedness of New Mexico and its neighboring states.

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