Which countries use Maltese as their official language?

Which countries use Maltese as their official language?

Maltese, a Semitic language with its roots in Arabic, is the official language of Malta. Apart from being the sole official language of this Mediterranean archipelago, Maltese is also recognized as an official language in the European Union. While Maltese is predominantly spoken in Malta, it is also used by Maltese communities living in other countries such as Australia, Canada, and the United Kingdom. In this article, we delve into the countries that use Maltese as their official language and explore the cultural significance of this unique linguistic heritage.

Countries where Maltese is an official language


Malta, the small island nation located in the Mediterranean Sea, is the primary country where Maltese is the official language. With a population of around 500,000 people, the Maltese language holds a significant cultural and historical importance in the country. Maltese is also one of the official languages of the European Union.

European Union

The European Union recognizes Maltese as one of its official languages. As a member state of the EU, Malta has influenced the inclusion of Maltese alongside other widely spoken languages like English, French, and German. This recognition allows Maltese to be used in various official EU documents, meetings, and institutions.

Sovereign Military Order of Malta

The Sovereign Military Order of Malta, commonly known as the Order of Malta, also designates Maltese as one of its official languages. As a centuries-old religious and chivalric order, the use of Maltese reflects the historical ties to the island of Malta, where the order originated. This language plays a vital role in the internal affairs and communication within the Order.

In conclusion, while Maltese is primarily spoken in Malta, its official language status extends beyond the country’s borders. The recognition of Maltese as an official language by the European Union and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta showcases its significance in various international contexts.

Countries with Maltese-speaking minorities


Australia is home to a significant Maltese-speaking minority. The Maltese language has been spoken in Australia for many years, with a large number of Maltese migrants and their descendants settling in the country. The Maltese community in Australia has preserved their language and culture, making it an integral part of their identity. Today, you can find Maltese-speaking communities and cultural organizations in various cities across Australia, such as Melbourne, Sydney, and Perth. These communities actively promote the use of the Maltese language through social gatherings, events, and language classes.


In Canada, there is also a notable presence of Maltese-speaking minorities. Over the years, many Maltese individuals and families have chosen Canada as their new home, bringing along their language and traditions. The Maltese language has been passed down through generations, and today, you can find Maltese-speaking communities in cities like Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. These communities contribute to the multicultural fabric of Canada, organizing cultural festivals, language programs, and other initiatives to keep the Maltese language alive and thriving.

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is another country with a significant Maltese-speaking minority. With a history of migration between Malta and the UK, the Maltese language has found a place within British society. In cities like London, Manchester, and Birmingham, you can find Maltese-speaking communities who have maintained their language and cultural heritage. These communities actively engage in promoting the Maltese language through social clubs, cultural events, and language schools. The Maltese language serves as a bridge that connects the Maltese diaspora in the UK and their ancestral homeland.

By exploring the countries with Maltese-speaking minorities, it becomes evident that the Maltese language has successfully transcended borders and continues to thrive in diverse corners of the world. These communities play a vital role in preserving the language, ensuring that future generations can embrace their Maltese identity and heritage.

The official language of Malta, Maltese, is not only spoken by the population of this Mediterranean island but also holds the status of an official language in two other countries. These countries include Gozo, the second-largest island of the Maltese archipelago, and Comino, the smallest inhabited island. While Maltese is a unique language with its Semitic roots and a blend of Italian, English, and Arabic influences, its official status in these countries reflects its significance as a means of communication and cultural identity. Understanding the reach and importance of Maltese beyond Malta itself provides valuable insights into the linguistic diversity and heritage of the Mediterranean region.

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