Which States Border Maryland?

Which States Border Maryland?

If you’re curious about the states that share a border with Maryland, you’ve come to the right place. Maryland, located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, is surrounded by several neighboring states. In this article, we will explore the states that border Maryland and provide you with a comprehensive overview of each one. Whether you’re planning a trip or simply interested in expanding your geographical knowledge, continue reading to discover the fascinating bordering states of Maryland.

States that directly border Maryland


Pennsylvania is one of the states that directly borders Maryland. Located to the north of Maryland, it shares a boundary of approximately 88 miles with the Old Line State. Pennsylvania is known for its diverse landscapes, ranging from rolling farmlands to bustling cities such as Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.


To the east of Maryland lies the state of Delaware, which also shares a direct border with Maryland. The two states have a boundary that spans around 36 miles. Delaware is renowned for its beautiful beaches along the Atlantic Ocean, as well as being a hub for corporate and financial services.


Maryland’s southern border is shared with Virginia, another state that directly borders it. The boundary between Maryland and Virginia stretches across approximately 315 miles, making it the longest border that Maryland has with any state. Virginia offers a rich history, stunning natural landscapes, and vibrant cities like Richmond and Alexandria.

West Virginia

To the west of Maryland lies West Virginia, forming another direct border. The border between these two states extends for about 174 miles. West Virginia is known for its picturesque mountains, outdoor recreational opportunities, and charming small towns.

These four states directly border Maryland, each bringing their own unique characteristics to the region. Whether it’s the urban attractions of Pennsylvania, the coastal beauty of Delaware, the historical significance of Virginia, or the tranquility of West Virginia’s mountains, Maryland benefits from its diverse neighbors.

States that have indirect borders with Maryland

New Jersey

New Jersey is one of the states that has an indirect border with Maryland. Situated to the northeast of Maryland, it shares a small geographical boundary with the state. The border between Maryland and New Jersey is formed by the Delaware Bay and the Delaware River. Although the border is not extensive, it serves as an important connection between these two states.

Washington D.C.

Washington D.C., the capital of the United States, also has an indirect border with Maryland. Located on the eastern border of Maryland, Washington D.C. shares a boundary with the state. This border is formed by the Potomac River, which separates the two entities. While not a state itself, Washington D.C. is an autonomous federal district that is surrounded by Maryland and Virginia. The proximity to Maryland allows for a close relationship between the state and the nation’s capital.

These two entities, New Jersey and Washington D.C., both have indirect borders with Maryland, contributing to the cultural, economic, and social connections among them.

Water Borders

Chesapeake Bay

Maryland is blessed with several water borders, including the Chesapeake Bay. The Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the United States, stretching over 200 miles and offering stunning views and abundant recreational activities. It serves as a natural boundary for Maryland on its eastern side, separating it from the neighboring states.

The Chesapeake Bay is not only a significant geographical feature but also a vital ecosystem that supports a diverse range of flora and fauna. The bay is home to numerous species of fish, shellfish, and migratory birds. It provides a crucial habitat for marine life and plays a crucial role in maintaining the ecological balance of the region.

Tourists and locals alike flock to the Chesapeake Bay to enjoy activities such as boating, fishing, and crabbing. The bay’s calm waters are perfect for sailing, and its scenic beauty makes it a popular destination for kayaking and paddleboarding. Additionally, the bay offers ample opportunities for birdwatching and wildlife spotting.

Atlantic Ocean

In addition to the Chesapeake Bay, Maryland also shares a water border with the vast Atlantic Ocean. The state’s easternmost point lies on the Atlantic coast, offering residents and visitors access to beautiful sandy beaches and the refreshing ocean waters.

Maryland’s Atlantic coastline is dotted with charming beach towns and resorts that attract tourists from all over. Ocean City, one of Maryland’s most popular beach destinations, boasts a bustling boardwalk lined with shops, restaurants, and entertainment venues. Visitors can bask in the sun, swim in the ocean, or engage in various water sports such as surfing, jet skiing, and parasailing.

The Atlantic Ocean not only provides recreational opportunities but also plays a significant role in Maryland’s economy. The state’s coastal areas support industries such as fishing, shipping, and tourism, contributing to local commerce and employment.

In conclusion, Maryland is fortunate to have two significant water borders: the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. These natural features not only enhance the state’s beauty but also provide numerous recreational and economic opportunities for its residents and visitors. Whether you prefer the serene waters of the Chesapeake Bay or the excitement of the Atlantic Ocean, Maryland’s water borders offer something for everyone.

It is evident from this article that Maryland is bordered by several states in the United States. The state shares its borders with Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Delaware, along with the District of Columbia. These neighboring states have played a significant role in shaping Maryland’s history and culture. Whether it is the influence of Pennsylvania’s industrial heritage or the proximity to the nation’s capital, Maryland’s bordering states have contributed to its unique identity. Understanding the states that border Maryland allows us to appreciate the diverse landscapes, economies, and people that make up this vibrant region of the country.

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