Canada: Countries That Share a Border with This Nation

Canada is a vast and diverse nation that shares its borders with several countries. Being the second-largest country in the world by land area, Canada is neighbored by the United States of America, making it the longest international border in the world. In addition to the USA, Canada also shares borders with other countries, including Alaska (an American state), Greenland (an autonomous territory of Denmark), and Saint Pierre and Miquelon (a self-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France). In this article, we will explore the countries that share a border with Canada and delve into the unique characteristics and relationships between these nations.

Countries that share a border with Canada

United States

Canada shares the longest international border in the world with its southern neighbor, the United States. Stretching over 8,891 kilometers (5,525 miles), the Canada-United States border is a symbol of the strong and unique relationship between the two countries. This border is not only a political boundary but also a reflection of the deep economic, cultural, and historical ties that Canada and the United States share.

The Canada-United States border is characterized by diverse landscapes, ranging from rugged mountains to vast plains and pristine lakes. It spans across various regions, including the Great Lakes, the Rocky Mountains, and the forests of the Pacific Northwest. The border is heavily monitored and regulated, ensuring the security and smooth flow of people, goods, and services between the two nations.

The relationship between Canada and the United States is characterized by a strong trade partnership. Both countries enjoy a high level of economic integration, with billions of dollars’ worth of goods and services crossing the border each day. This trade relationship supports millions of jobs and contributes significantly to the prosperity of both nations.

In addition to economic ties, Canada and the United States also share a common history and values. The two countries have a long-standing tradition of cooperation and collaboration on various issues, including defense, security, and environmental protection. The Canada-United States border is a testament to the enduring friendship and shared interests between these two North American nations.

France (overseas territories)

While not physically contiguous, Canada shares a maritime border with France through its overseas territories. France maintains several territories in the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean that are geographically close to Canada. These territories include Saint Pierre and Miquelon, which are located off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a small archipelago that represents the only remaining part of France’s former colonial territory in North America. Despite its small size, this territory has a unique status as an outpost of French culture and language in the region. The French presence in Saint Pierre and Miquelon is a testament to the historical ties between France and Canada, as well as the enduring influence of French culture in certain parts of Canada.

While the maritime border between Canada and France is not as significant as the Canada-United States land border, it still plays a role in various aspects, such as fisheries management and maritime security. The relationship between Canada and France extends beyond this maritime border, as both countries collaborate on numerous issues, including cultural exchange, education, and scientific research.

In conclusion, Canada shares its borders with the United States and France (overseas territories). The Canada-United States border is the longest international border in the world, symbolizing the close relationship and shared values between these two neighboring nations. Additionally, Canada’s maritime border with France highlights the historical and cultural ties between the two countries, even if they are not physically contiguous.

United States-Canada border

The United States-Canada border, also known as the International Boundary, is the longest international border in the world, spanning approximately 8,891 kilometers (5,525 miles). This border separates the United States of America and Canada, two neighboring countries that share a unique relationship.

Length and geography

The border between the United States and Canada stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west. It passes through a diverse range of landscapes, including mountains, forests, rivers, and lakes. Notably, the border is marked by the Great Lakes, which are shared by both countries and play a significant role in their economic and cultural ties.

Border crossings

The United States-Canada border has numerous border crossings, facilitating the movement of people and goods between the two nations. These crossings vary in size and purpose, ranging from major ports of entry to remote crossings in rural areas. Some of the busiest and most well-known crossings include the Peace Arch Border Crossing in British Columbia and the Ambassador Bridge in Detroit, Michigan.

Trade and economic relationship

The United States and Canada share a robust trade and economic relationship, which is reflected in the significance of their border. Bilateral trade between the two countries exceeds $600 billion annually, making it one of the largest trading relationships in the world. The border plays a crucial role in facilitating the movement of goods, services, and investments, contributing to the prosperity of both nations.

Furthermore, the United States and Canada have established various agreements and partnerships to enhance economic cooperation. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), now replaced by the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), has eliminated barriers to trade and investment, promoting economic integration and growth along the border.

In conclusion, the United States-Canada border is not only a physical demarcation between two nations but also a symbol of their strong bilateral ties. The length and geographic diversity of the border, along with the numerous border crossings, highlight the importance of connectivity between the two countries. Moreover, the border serves as a conduit for the extensive trade and economic relationship, fostering mutual prosperity and cooperation.

France-Canada Border


The France-Canada border is a unique border that connects the overseas territories of both countries. It is situated in the North Atlantic Ocean, specifically in the Saint Pierre and Miquelon archipelago. Saint Pierre and Miquelon are the only remaining territories of France in North America, and they are located just off the coast of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Political Relationship

The political relationship between France and Canada is one of cooperation and mutual respect. Despite being separated by the vast Atlantic Ocean, the two countries have maintained friendly diplomatic ties. The border between France and Canada is an example of this cordial relationship, as it is an international border that is relatively peaceful and does not face any significant political disputes.


The territories involved in the France-Canada border include the aforementioned Saint Pierre and Miquelon islands. These islands are part of the overseas collectivity of France and have a unique status within the French Republic. Despite their small size, they have their own local government and are economically connected to Canada due to their proximity.

The Saint Pierre and Miquelon islands serve as an important link between France and Canada, facilitating cultural exchanges, economic interactions, and tourism. The border between these territories and Canada is carefully managed, allowing for the movement of people and goods while maintaining security and cooperation between the two nations.

In conclusion, the France-Canada border is an intriguing example of a border between two countries that are geographically distant but politically connected. The territories of Saint Pierre and Miquelon play a significant role in maintaining the relationship between France and Canada, fostering cooperation and fostering cultural and economic exchanges.


In conclusion, Canada is a country that shares its borders with the United States. With the longest international land border in the world, spanning over 8,891 kilometers, this border plays a significant role in shaping Canada’s relationship with its neighbor. The shared border not only facilitates trade and tourism but also promotes cultural exchange and cooperation between the two nations. Canada’s geographic location and its proximity to the United States make it a unique and strategically important country in North America.

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