Countries where Luxembourgish is spoken widely


Looking to explore the countries where Luxembourgish is widely spoken? This article provides a comprehensive overview of the nations where Luxembourgish is spoken as a widely used language. From its home country of Luxembourg to neighboring regions and communities, we delve into the linguistic significance and cultural impact of Luxembourgish across various countries. Read on to discover interesting facts and insights about the widespread presence of Luxembourgish in different parts of the world.

Overview of Luxembourgish

Luxembourgish is a West Germanic language that is primarily spoken in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It is one of the three official languages of Luxembourg, alongside French and German. Luxembourgish holds a significant cultural and linguistic importance in the country, playing a crucial role in everyday communication, education, and media.

History and background of Luxembourgish

The origin of Luxembourgish can be traced back to the Moselle Franconian dialects spoken in the region during the Middle Ages. Over time, these dialects developed and evolved into what is now known as Luxembourgish. The language has been heavily influenced by neighboring languages, particularly German and French.

Luxembourgish gained recognition and prominence during the 19th century when Luxembourg became an independent nation. The language was instrumental in shaping the national identity and fostering a sense of unity among the Luxembourgish people. Today, Luxembourgish continues to evolve and adapt to the modern linguistic landscape.

Number of speakers of Luxembourgish

As of the latest estimates, there are approximately 400,000 speakers of Luxembourgish worldwide. The majority of these speakers reside in Luxembourg, where the language serves as the primary means of communication for the local population. However, Luxembourgish communities can also be found in neighboring countries such as Belgium, France, and Germany, where historical and geographic factors have led to linguistic cross-pollination.

Language classification of Luxembourgish

Luxembourgish is classified as a West Germanic language, belonging to the broader Germanic language family. It shares similarities with other Germanic languages, such as German, Dutch, and English. However, Luxembourgish has distinct phonological, grammatical, and lexical features that set it apart from its linguistic relatives.

Within the West Germanic branch, Luxembourgish falls under the Central Franconian subgroup, along with Ripuarian and Moselle Franconian dialects. It is worth noting that Luxembourgish is not mutually intelligible with standard German, although there are noticeable overlaps and influences between the two languages.

Overall, Luxembourgish occupies a unique position within the linguistic landscape, reflecting the history, culture, and identity of Luxembourg.

Countries where Luxembourgish is spoken widely

Countries where Luxembourgish is an official language


Luxembourg, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is the country where Luxembourgish is primarily spoken. It is one of the three official languages of Luxembourg, along with French and German. This small landlocked country in Western Europe has a population of approximately 626,000 people. Luxembourgish holds a significant place in the linguistic landscape of Luxembourg and is widely used for everyday communication, official documents, education, and media.


Luxembourgish is also recognized as an official language in some parts of Belgium. Particularly in the province of Luxembourg, which shares borders with the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The Belgian province of Luxembourg has a population of around 286,000 people. While French and Dutch are the predominant languages in Belgium, Luxembourgish holds a special status in this specific region, reflecting the historical and cultural ties between the two countries.


In certain regions of Germany, Luxembourgish is spoken and recognized as a minority language. This is primarily observed in areas adjacent to the border with Luxembourg. The German-speaking community of Luxembourgish speakers consists of approximately 12,000 people. These regions have historical connections with Luxembourg, leading to the presence of Luxembourgish speakers within German territory. Although German remains the dominant language in these areas, Luxembourgish serves as a cultural and linguistic link between the two countries.

In conclusion, while Luxembourg is the main country where Luxembourgish is spoken widely, it is also an official language in certain regions of Belgium and Germany. These countries recognize the importance of Luxembourgish as part of their linguistic and cultural heritage, fostering its use and preservation within their respective territories.

Countries where Luxembourgish is spoken widely as a minority language


Luxembourgish is spoken as a minority language in certain regions of France. The language is primarily found in the bordering areas of northeastern France, particularly in the region of Lorraine. Due to its close proximity to Luxembourg, there are communities in Lorraine where Luxembourgish is still spoken and preserved. These communities have strong cultural ties to Luxembourg and have managed to maintain the use of the language over the years. While Luxembourgish is not officially recognized in France, efforts are being made to support and promote the language within these communities.


Luxembourgish is also spoken as a minority language in certain regions of the Netherlands. The language is mainly found in the southern province of Limburg, which shares a border with both Belgium and Germany. In the Limburg region, Luxembourgish is often referred to as "Luxemburgs" or "Letzeburgs." Although the number of Luxembourgish speakers in the Netherlands is relatively small, the language has managed to survive and is still used in some communities. Luxembourgish classes and cultural events are organized to preserve and promote the language within these communities.

United States

The Luxembourgish language has found a home among certain communities in the United States as well. Many Luxembourgish speakers migrated to the United States during the 19th and early 20th centuries, primarily settling in states such as Wisconsin, Illinois, and Missouri. In these areas, Luxembourgish has been passed down through generations, maintaining its presence as a minority language. Luxembourgish cultural organizations and language classes are active in these communities, ensuring the language continues to thrive and be passed on to future generations. While Luxembourgish is not widely spoken throughout the United States, these pockets of speakers contribute to the preservation of the language and its cultural heritage.

In conclusion, Luxembourgish is spoken widely in Luxembourg, as well as in neighboring countries such as Germany, Belgium, and France. Despite being a small language community, Luxembourgish has managed to maintain its significance and cultural identity. With efforts to promote and preserve the language, Luxembourgish continues to thrive among its speakers, serving as a symbol of national pride and heritage. As globalization continues to shape our world, the widespread use of Luxembourgish reflects the resilience and importance of linguistic diversity in our increasingly interconnected society.

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