Flag of Afghanistan

Afghanistan Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesAF, AFG, 004
Official NameIslamic Republic of Afghanistan
Government TypeIslamic Republic
CurrencyAfghan Afghani (AFN)
Calling Code+93
Member OfUnited Nations, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, Economic Cooperation Organization
PopulationApprox. 40 million (as of 2023)
Total Area652,230 square kilometers
Highest PointNoshaq (7,492 meters or 24,580 feet)
Lowest PointAmu Darya (258 meters or 846 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $500 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 65 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.af

Afghan National Anthem

Millī Surūd

So long as there is Earth and Heaven;
So long as the world is populated;
So long as there is life in the world;
So long as a single Afghan breathes;
There will always be this Afghanistan.
Long live the Afghan nation!
Long live the Republic!
Long live our national unity!
Long live the Afghan nation and the Republic!
Long live the Afghan nation, the Republic;
And our national unity — national unity!

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Afghan Flag

The flag of Afghanistan, known for its iconic black, red, and green stripes with the national emblem in the center, embodies the nation’s history and values. This flag has seen numerous changes, more than any other national flag in the world, reflecting Afghanistan’s tumultuous past.

The earliest known flag of Afghanistan dates back to the early 18th century, during the Hotaki dynasty, and was simply a plain black flag. The introduction of the current tri-color scheme can be traced back to 1928 under King Amanullah Khan, representing the nation’s past (black), the fight for independence (red), and a prosperous future (green).

The current design was adopted on August 19, 2013. It incorporates elements from previous flags, signifying continuity and change in Afghan history. The central emblem, which has been a consistent feature in most designs since 1901, depicts a mosque with its mihrab facing Mecca, symbolizing the Islamic faith of the nation. The wreath surrounding the mosque represents the agricultural richness of Afghanistan.

Throughout its history, the Afghan flag has undergone over 20 alterations, each signifying a shift in the country’s political and social landscape. These changes reflect periods of monarchy, republicanism, foreign intervention, and internal conflict. The flag’s evolution is not just a record of changing regimes, but also a testament to the resilience and enduring spirit of the Afghan people. The current flag is a source of national pride and represents hope for a stable, unified, and prosperous Afghanistan.