Flag of Belgium

Belgium Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesBE, BEL, 056
Official NameKingdom of Belgium
Government TypeFederal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+32
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, OECD, WTO, Benelux
PopulationApprox. 11.5 million (as of 2023)
Total Area30,689 square kilometers
Highest PointSignal de Botrange (694 meters or 2,277 feet)
Lowest PointDe Moeren (below sea level, approx. -3 meters or -10 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $46,600 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 81 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.be

Belgian National Anthem

The Brabançonne

O Belgium, O mother dear
To you we stretch our hearts and arms
With blood to spill for you, O fatherland!
We swear with one cry, You shall live!
You shall live, so great and beautiful
And your invincible unity
Shall have for device immortal
The King, and Law, and Liberty!
The King, and Law, and Liberty!
The King, and Law, and Liberty!

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Belgian Flag

The flag of Belgium, adopted on January 23, 1831, following the country’s independence from the Netherlands, is a significant national symbol. The flag features three vertical bands of black, yellow, and red, inspired by the colors of the Duchy of Brabant.

The design of the flag was influenced by the French Tricolore, as the Belgian Revolution of 1830, which led to the country’s independence, was partly inspired by the July Revolution in France. However, the colors black, yellow, and red were taken from the coat of arms of the Duchy of Brabant, a historical region in the Low Countries, comprising what is now Belgium.

Initially, the stripes of the flag were horizontal, but were changed to vertical to distinguish the Belgian flag from the Dutch flag, which also uses a horizontal tricolor but in different colors. The black color represents the shield; yellow symbolizes the lion; and red stands for the lion’s claws and tongue, as depicted in the coat of arms of the Duchy of Brabant.

The Belgian flag has remained largely unchanged since its adoption. It has become a strong symbol of national unity and pride, especially significant given Belgium’s linguistic and cultural diversity. The flag is prominently displayed during national holidays and significant events, symbolizing the country’s independence, democratic values, and historical heritage.

Throughout its history, the Belgian flag has been a rallying symbol for the nation during times of both celebration and challenge. It represents not just the nation’s past, but also its present and aspirations for the future. The Belgian flag is a symbol of the country’s enduring spirit and commitment to unity in diversity.