Flag of Botswana

Botswana Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesBW, BWA, 072
Official NameRepublic of Botswana
Government TypeParliamentary republic
CurrencyBotswana Pula (BWP)
Calling Code+267
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Southern African Development Community, Commonwealth of Nations
PopulationApprox. 2.3 million (as of 2023)
Total Area581,730 square kilometers
Highest PointTsodilo Hills (1,489 meters or 4,885 feet)
Lowest PointConfluence of Limpopo and Shashe Rivers (513 meters or 1,683 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $8,000 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 69 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.bw

Botswana National Anthem

Fatshe leno la rona

Blessed be this noble land
Gift to us from God’s strong hand
Heritage our fathers left to us
May it always be at peace
Awake, awake, O men, awake!
And women close beside them stand
Together we’ll work and serve
This land, this happy land!
Word of beauty and of fame
The name Botswana to us came
Through our unity and harmony
We’ll remain at peace as one

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Botswana Flag

The flag of Botswana, adopted on September 30, 1966, when the country gained independence from the United Kingdom, is a symbol of the nation’s identity and values. The flag is distinctive in its simplicity and meaningful design.

The Botswana flag features a light blue field with a horizontal black stripe with a thin white frame in the center. The blue represents water, specifically rain, reflecting the importance of water in this arid country and the motto of Botswana, “Pula”, which means “let there be rain”. The black and white bands signify racial harmony and also represent the zebra, the national animal of Botswana, symbolizing the importance of wildlife and natural resources to the country.

The choice of colors and design elements reflects Botswana’s commitment to peace, racial harmony, and its natural heritage. The flag was designed at a time when Botswana was transitioning from a British protectorate to an independent nation, and it was essential to have a symbol that captured the spirit of the new country.

Since its adoption, the flag of Botswana has become a source of pride for its citizens, symbolizing the country’s rich natural beauty, its peace-oriented ethos, and the unity among its diverse peoples. The flag is prominently displayed throughout Botswana and on occasions of national significance. It represents not just the nation’s past, but also its present and future aspirations, embodying the values of democracy, racial harmony, and respect for the environment. The Botswana flag is a testament to the country’s journey towards progress and its commitment to maintaining a harmonious and sustainable society.