Flag of Cameroon

Cameroon Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesCM, CMR, 120
Official NameRepublic of Cameroon
Government TypeUnitary dominant-party presidential republic
CurrencyCentral African CFA franc (XAF)
Calling Code+237
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Commonwealth of Nations, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
PopulationApprox. 27 million (as of 2023)
Total Area475,442 square kilometers
Highest PointMount Cameroon (4,040 meters or 13,255 feet)
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $1,500 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 59 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.cm

Cameroon National Anthem

Ô Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres

O Cameroon, Thou Cradle of our Fathers,
Holy Shrine where in our midst they now repose,
Their tears and blood and sweat thy soil did water,
On thy hills and valleys once their tillage rose.
Dear Fatherland, thy worth no tongue can tell!
How can we ever pay thy due?
Thy welfare we will win in toil and love and peace,
Will be to thy name ever true!

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Cameroon Flag

The flag of Cameroon, adopted on May 20, 1975, following the uniting of English and French Cameroon, is a symbol of the nation’s unity, heritage, and aspirations. The flag has evolved over the years, reflecting changes in the country’s political landscape.

The flag consists of three vertical stripes of green, red, and yellow, with a five-pointed star in the center of the red stripe. The green color represents the lush vegetation of the southern part of Cameroon, symbolizing hope and the country’s agricultural prowess. The red symbolizes unity and the bloodshed during the struggle for independence, and the yellow represents the sun and the savannas in the northern part of the country. The star in the middle is known as the “star of unity,” representing the unification of English and French-speaking regions.

Before 1975, Cameroon’s flag had two stars in the top corner of the yellow stripe, representing the two territories that came together to form the nation in 1961. The current design was adopted after the integration of the two territories, simplifying the flag to one star to symbolize a unified Cameroon.

The flag of Cameroon represents not just the nation’s geographical diversity but also its cultural and linguistic unity. The colors are traditional Pan-African colors, reflecting Cameroon’s identity as part of the African continent and its history of liberation from colonial rule.

The flag is a source of national pride and is prominently displayed in public buildings, at national events, and in international settings. It symbolizes the spirit and resilience of the Cameroonian people, their rich cultural heritage, and their ongoing commitment to unity, peace, and progress. The Cameroonian flag stands as a testament to the country’s journey, its achievements, and its aspirations for the future.