Flag of Ecuador

Ecuador Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesEC, ECU, 218
Official NameRepublic of Ecuador
ContinentSouth America
Government TypePresidential republic
CurrencyUnited States Dollar (USD)
Calling Code+593
Member OfUnited Nations, Organization of American States, Union of South American Nations
PopulationApprox. 17.6 million (as of 2023)
Total Area283,561 square kilometers
Highest PointChimborazo (6,263 meters or 20,548 feet)
Lowest PointPacific Ocean (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $11,500 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 77 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.ec

Ecuador National Anthem

¡Salve, Oh Patria! (Hail, O Homeland!)

Hail, O homeland, a thousand times!
Oh homeland, glory to you!
Glory to you!
Your breast overflows
With joy and peace,
And your radiant face
Is brighter than the shining sun we see.
And your radiant face
Is brighter than the shining sun we see.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Ecuador Flag

The flag of Ecuador was officially adopted on September 26, 1860. The design and colors of the flag hold deep significance, reflecting the country’s history and identity.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes: yellow (double width), blue, and red. The yellow stripe symbolizes the abundance and fertility of the crops and the land. The blue represents the sky and the sea, and the red stands for the blood shed by the heroes who fought for Ecuador’s independence.

The design of the Ecuadorian flag is heavily influenced by the flag of Gran Colombia, a short-lived republic that once included Colombia, Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador. When Ecuador separated from Gran Colombia, it retained the same colors as the Gran Colombian flag. The yellow, blue, and red tricolor design was originally introduced by General Francisco de Miranda, a precursor to the South American independence movement.

Over the years, the Ecuadorian flag has undergone several modifications, especially in the coat of arms. The coat of arms in the center of the flag includes an image of Chimborazo volcano and the river originating from its base, along with a steamboat, representing trade and economy. The sun surrounded by astrological signs symbolizes the duration of the first government of Ecuador.

The flag is a symbol of national pride and is used in governmental buildings, educational institutions, and during national ceremonies. It represents Ecuador’s sovereignty, its rich history, and the sacrifices made for its independence. The flag of Ecuador is a source of unity and identity for Ecuadorians, embodying their nation’s past and aspirations for the future.