Flag of Egypt

Egypt Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesEG, EGY, 818
Official NameArab Republic of Egypt
Government TypeSemi-presidential republic
CurrencyEgyptian Pound (EGP)
Calling Code+20
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Arab League, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
PopulationApprox. 104 million (as of 2023)
Total Area1,010,408 square kilometers
Highest PointMount Catherine (2,629 meters or 8,625 feet)
Lowest PointQattara Depression (−133 meters or −436 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApprox. $3,500 (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyApprox. 72 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.eg

Egypt National Anthem

Bilady, Bilady, Bilady (My homeland, my homeland, my homeland)

My homeland, my homeland, my homeland,
You have my love and my heart.
My homeland, my homeland, my homeland,
You have my love and my heart.
Egypt! O mother of all lands,
My hope and my ambition,
How can one count
The blessings of the Nile for mankind?

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Egypt Flag

The flag of Egypt was officially adopted on October 4, 1984. Its design and colors are symbolic, reflecting the country’s modern history and its role as a leader in the Arab world.

The Egyptian flag consists of three equal horizontal bands of red, white, and black. The red band symbolizes the struggle against the British occupation of Egypt. The white band represents the bloodless nature of the 1952 revolution, which led to the end of the monarchy in Egypt. The black band symbolizes the end of the oppression of the Egyptian people under the monarchy and British colonial rule.

At the center of the flag is the Eagle of Saladin, a heraldic symbol of Arab nationalism and strength. The eagle is colored gold and faces the hoist side, symbolizing Egypt’s pride in its Arab heritage. The Eagle of Saladin also appears on the coats of arms of other Arab countries, denoting their shared cultural and historical bonds.

The current flag was introduced following the Egyptian revolution of 1952, which led to the establishment of a republic. The flag has since become a symbol of national unity, pride, and the modern state of Egypt. It is a common sight across Egypt, flown on government buildings, displayed in public spaces, and used in national and international events. The flag embodies the spirit and aspirations of the Egyptian people, representing their rich history, their struggles for independence, and their enduring resilience as a nation.