Flag of Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesGW, GNB, 624
Official NameRepublic of Guinea-Bissau
Government TypeSemi-Presidential Republic
CurrencyWest African CFA franc (XOF)
Calling Code+245
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Economic Community of West African States
PopulationApproximately 1.9 million (as of 2023)
Total Area36,125 square kilometers
Highest PointUnnamed location in the northeast (300 meters or 984 feet)
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean (0 meters or 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaApproximately $800 USD
Life ExpectancyAround 58 years
Internet TLD.gw

Guinea-Bissau National Anthem

Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada (This is Our Beloved Country)

Sun, sweat, verdure, and sea
Centuries of pain and hope
This is the land of our ancestors
Fruit of our hands, of our dream and love
Homeland, Homeland, Homeland
We sing of your freedom
After centuries of oppression
In the garden of our solidarity
It is united and free
We are going to build in the immensity
A new day of joy
For our bravery
No sword nor fire will destroy
The flower of our freedom
Hail, young people
For the homeland, for peace
We fight, we overcome

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Guinea-Bissau Flag

The national flag of Guinea-Bissau was officially adopted on September 24, 1973, during the country’s struggle for independence from Portugal. The flag features two horizontal stripes of yellow over green, with a vertical red stripe on the hoist side, containing a black star. This design is deeply symbolic, embodying the country’s ties to the African continent and its fight for liberation.

The colors of the flag hold significant meanings: the yellow represents the sun and the savannas of the country, the green symbolizes the lush forests, and the red evokes the struggle for independence. The black star is a symbol of African unity and freedom, a motif seen in other flags across the continent as part of the Pan-African movement.

Guinea-Bissau’s flag is influenced by the flag of Ghana, the first African country to gain independence from colonial rule. The design reflects the influence of pan-Africanist ideology, which played a significant role in Guinea-Bissau’s independence movement led by the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC). The adoption of the flag marked a crucial moment in Guinea-Bissau’s history, signifying its emergence as a sovereign nation and its solidarity with other African countries in the pursuit of self-determination. The flag has remained unchanged since its inception, symbolizing the enduring spirit of the country’s fight for freedom and its aspirations for unity and progress.