Flag of Iran

Iran Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesIR, IRN
Official NameIslamic Republic of Iran
Government TypeIslamic Republic
CurrencyIranian Rial (IRR)
Calling Code+98
Member OfUnited Nations, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, NAM, OPEC, ECO
PopulationOver 83 million (as of 2023)
Total AreaApproximately 1,648,195 square kilometers
Highest PointMount Damavand (5,610 meters or 18,406 feet)
Lowest PointCaspian Sea shore (-28 meters or -92 feet)
GDP Per CapitaAround $2,200 USD
Life ExpectancyAbout 76 years
Internet TLD.ir

Iranian National Anthem

Soroud-e Melli-e Jomhouri-e Eslami-e Iran

Upwards on the horizon rises the Eastern Sun,
The light in the eyes of the believers in justice,
Bahman is the zenith of our faith.
Your message, O Imam, of independence, and freedom,
The foundation of our tomorrow, your vision, our martyrdom.
We are ready! We are ready!
To sacrifice us all in your path, Iran, shelter of the free,
The house of the Eternal light of God.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Iranian Flag

The flag of Iran, known as the ‘Three-Coloured Flag’, has a fascinating history characterized by cultural, political, and religious significance. Officially adopted on July 29, 1980, after the Islamic Revolution, the current flag symbolizes Iran’s Islamic identity and revolutionary values.

The flag consists of three horizontal bands of green, white, and red. The green represents Islam, growth, and happiness; the white symbolizes peace and honesty; and the red stands for courage and martyrdom. Central to the flag’s design is the stylized script of the word ‘Allah’ in the shape of a tulip, repeated 22 times along the edges of the green and red bands.

The emblem in the middle is a unique symbol consisting of four crescents and a sword. The four crescents form an ‘S’, standing for ‘Iran’, while the sword in the center symbolizes the nation’s strength and resilience. The shape of the emblem is intended to resemble a tulip, a flower associated with martyrdom in Iranian culture.

Iran’s flag has undergone several changes throughout its history, reflecting the country’s tumultuous political and social changes. The first recorded flag dates back to the Achaemenid Empire, featuring different symbols and colors. The modern tricolor design was first introduced in the early 20th century and has been modified several times, with the current version established in the post-revolutionary period.

The flag is not only an emblem of national pride and identity but also a representation of the Islamic Republic’s values and aspirations. It symbolizes the unity and resistance of the Iranian people, especially during the Islamic Revolution. The flag’s design, with its religious and historical elements, serves as a reminder of the nation’s past struggles and its determination to preserve its sovereignty and Islamic heritage.