Flag of Luxembourg

Luxembourg Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesLU, LUX
Official NameGrand Duchy of Luxembourg
CapitalLuxembourg City
Government TypeConstitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy
CurrencyEuro (EUR)
Calling Code+352
Member OfUnited Nations, European Union, NATO, Benelux, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
PopulationApproximately 634,000 (as of 2023)
Total AreaApproximately 2,586 square kilometers
Highest PointKneiff (560 meters or 1,837 feet)
Lowest PointMoselle River (133 meters or 436 feet)
GDP Per CapitaEstimated at around $116,000 USD (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyEstimated at around 82 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.lu

Luxembourg National Anthem

Ons Heemecht (Our Homeland)

Where the Alzette river gently flows,
The Sûre plays wild tricks,
Where the vineyards, blooming in the sun,
Greet us with open arms.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Luxembourg Flag

The national flag of Luxembourg consists of three horizontal stripes of red, white, and light blue. It was officially adopted on June 23, 1972, although it had been used unofficially since the 1840s. The flag holds great significance in representing Luxembourg’s national identity and heritage.

The Luxembourg flag’s design is similar to the Netherlands‘ flag, reflecting historical ties. However, the blue stripe in Luxembourg’s flag is a lighter shade. The red symbolizes the bloodshed of Luxembourg’s people, particularly during its struggles for independence and in World Wars I and II. The white represents peace and purity, reflecting the country’s desire for harmony and its strong diplomatic relationships. The light blue symbolizes the sky and the country’s hopes and aspirations for the future.

Luxembourg’s flag has undergone changes, particularly concerning the shade of blue used. The current light blue shade was finalized in 1993 to distinguish it more clearly from the Dutch flag. The flag is a source of pride for Luxembourg’s citizens, especially on National Day, celebrated on June 23rd, coinciding with the Grand Duke’s official birthday.

Throughout Luxembourg’s history, the flag has been a symbol of resilience and unity. Despite its small size, Luxembourg has maintained a distinct national identity, mirrored in its flag. The flag’s simplicity and the meanings behind its colors resonate with Luxembourg’s values of liberty, democracy, and international cooperation.