Flag of Madagascar

Madagascar Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesMG, MDG
Official NameRepublic of Madagascar
Government TypeUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
CurrencyMalagasy Ariary (MGA)
Calling Code+261
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Southern African Development Community, Francophonie, Indian Ocean Commission
PopulationApproximately 28 million (as of 2023)
Total AreaAround 587,041 square kilometers
Highest PointMaromokotro (2,876 meters or 9,436 feet)
Lowest PointIndian Ocean (sea level)
GDP Per CapitaEstimated $520 USD (as of 2023)
Life ExpectancyAround 67 years (as of 2023)
Internet TLD.mg

Madagascar National Anthem

Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!

Oh, beloved land of our ancestors!
To you we give our hearts and our bodies.
Oh, beautiful Madagascar.
Our love for you will not perish.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Madagascar Flag

The flag of Madagascar was adopted on October 14, 1958, two years before the country gained independence from France in 1960. The design and colors of the flag hold deep significance and reflect Madagascar’s identity and history.

The flag consists of two horizontal bands of red and green and a white vertical band on the hoist side. The red and white colors were taken from the flag of the Merina Kingdom, which predated French colonization, symbolizing the country’s sovereignty. Red also stands for sovereignty, while white signifies purity and green represents hope and the Hova, a class of free citizens in Madagascar.

The flag’s establishment was a significant step in Madagascar’s journey towards independence, signifying a break from colonial rule and the start of a new era. The colors were carefully chosen to avoid association with political parties and to represent a united and independent Madagascar.

Throughout Madagascar’s history, the flag has been a symbol of national pride and unity. It is displayed prominently in national events, celebrations, and public buildings. The flag also symbolizes Madagascar’s rich cultural heritage, blending traditional Malagasy and colonial influences.

Madagascar’s flag is unique among African nations, as it does not utilize the traditional Pan-African colors of red, yellow, and green. This distinctiveness reflects Madagascar’s unique geographical and cultural position as an island nation off the southeast coast of Africa, with a diverse population and history.