Flag of Mauritania

Mauritania Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesMR, MRT, 478
Official NameIslamic Republic of Mauritania
Government TypeIslamic Republic
CurrencyMauritanian Ouguiya (MRU)
Calling Code+222
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Arab League, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
PopulationApproximately 4.5 million
Total Area1,030,700 km²
Highest PointKediet ej Jill (915 meters, 3,002 feet)
Lowest PointSebkha de Ndrhamcha (-5 meters, -16 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 1,200
Life Expectancy64 years
Internet TLD.mr

Mauritania National Anthem

National Anthem of Mauritania

Be a helper for God, and censure what is forbidden,
And turn with the law which, with it, God guided you.
For the best of fate is for him who follows guidance,
And the worst of ends is for him who ignores the right path.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Mauritania Flag

The flag of Mauritania, officially adopted on August 15, 2017, is a symbol of the nation’s identity and cultural heritage. It consists of a green field with a golden crescent and star in the center, flanked by two horizontal red stripes at the top and bottom. This design reflects Mauritania’s Islamic heritage and its status as an Islamic republic.

The green color and the crescent and star are traditional Islamic symbols, representing Islam, which is the state religion and a key aspect of Mauritanian culture. The red stripes, added to the flag in 2017, symbolize the sacrifices made by the country’s citizens in their struggle for independence and national unity. Before this modification, the flag featured only the green field with the gold crescent and star, and no red stripes.

Mauritania’s flag has undergone few changes since it was first adopted upon independence from France in 1960. The original design was chosen to distance the new national identity from colonial rule and to affirm the country’s Islamic and African roots. The addition of the red stripes in 2017 was a significant change, intended to enhance the flag’s meaning and reflect the nation’s evolving identity.

The flag is an important national symbol in Mauritania, representing not only the country’s Islamic and African heritage but also its aspirations and struggles. It is displayed prominently in public spaces and during national celebrations, serving as a reminder of the country’s journey to independence and its ongoing efforts towards national unity and development.