Flag of Mexico

Mexico Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesMX, MEX, 484
Official NameUnited Mexican States
ContinentNorth America
CapitalMexico City
Government TypeFederal Presidential Constitutional Republic
CurrencyMexican Peso (MXN)
Calling Code+52
Member OfUnited Nations, Organization of American States, North American Free Trade Agreement, Pacific Alliance, World Trade Organization
PopulationApproximately 126 million
Total Area1,964,375 km²
Highest PointPico de Orizaba (Citlaltépetl) (5,636 meters, 18,491 feet)
Lowest PointLaguna Salada (-10 meters, -33 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 9,224
Life Expectancy75 years
Internet TLD.mx

Mexico National Anthem

Himno Nacional Mexicano (Mexican National Anthem)

Mexicans, at the cry of war,
Make ready the steel and the bridle,
And may the Earth tremble at its centers
At the resounding roar of the cannon.
Let the gorges of the lions be satiated with the glory,
By the divine archangel of war,
For the Eternal Father wrote in the skies the unending destiny
By the finger of God.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Mexico Flag

The flag of Mexico, adopted on September 16, 1968, carries deep historical and cultural significance. The flag is a vertical tricolor of green, white, and red with the national coat of arms in the center of the white stripe. This design has its roots in the flag of the Army of the Three Guarantees, which was established in 1821 following Mexico’s independence from Spain.

The colors of the flag hold rich meanings. Green symbolizes hope and prosperity, white represents purity and the purity of Catholic faith, while red stands for the blood of the national heroes who fought for Mexico’s independence. The central emblem, the Mexican coat of arms, features an eagle perched on a prickly pear cactus devouring a serpent. This image is based on an Aztec legend and represents the founding of Tenochtitlán, the ancient Aztec capital and the site of modern-day Mexico City.

Throughout its history, the Mexican flag has undergone several changes, particularly in the coat of arms’ design. However, the three colors have remained consistent since the first flag was adopted in 1821. The current design was standardized in 1968, with minor modifications made to the coat of arms in 1984. The flag’s evolution reflects the country’s tumultuous history, from its struggle for independence to the formation of a sovereign nation.

The flag of Mexico is more than just a national symbol; it is a tapestry of the country’s history, culture, and ideals. It is a source of great pride and patriotism among Mexicans and is prominently displayed on national holidays such as Independence Day and Flag Day. The flag’s rich symbolism and history are integral to Mexico’s national identity, representing a nation that values its past while looking forward to the future.