Flag of Nigeria

Nigeria Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesNG, NGA, 566
Official NameFederal Republic of Nigeria
Government TypeFederal Presidential Republic
CurrencyNigerian Naira (NGN)
Calling Code+234
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Commonwealth of Nations, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Economic Community of West African States
PopulationApproximately 206 million
Total Area923,768 km²
Highest PointChappal Waddi (2,419 meters, 7,936 feet)
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 2,229
Life Expectancy55 years
Internet TLD.ng

Nigeria National Anthem

Arise, O Compatriots

Arise, O compatriots,
Nigeria’s call obey
To serve our fatherland
With love and strength and faith.
The labour of our heroes past
Shall never be in vain,
To serve with heart and might
One nation bound in freedom, peace and unity.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Nigeria Flag

The national flag of Nigeria was officially adopted on October 1, 1960, the same day Nigeria gained independence from British rule. The flag, designed by Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi in 1959, features three vertical bands of green, white, and green.

The flag’s design is both simple and symbolic. The green bands represent Nigeria’s natural wealth and lush vegetation, a key feature of the nation’s landscape and an important aspect of its economy. The white band symbolizes peace and unity, which are fundamental values for Nigeria, a country with a diverse population comprising various ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups.

Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi, then a student, submitted his design in a national competition organized to find a unique flag for the newly independent country. His design was chosen from about 2,800 entries. The original design included a red radiating sun in the central white stripe, but this was removed to create the flag’s current appearance.

Since its adoption, the Nigerian flag has become a symbol of national pride and unity. It is a central part of Nigeria’s national identity, displayed at government buildings, public events, and in international settings. The flag represents the aspirations of the Nigerian people for unity in diversity, peace, and progress. Despite Nigeria’s complex history and challenges, the flag remains an enduring symbol of the nation’s resilience and hope for a better future.