Flag of Rwanda

Rwanda Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesRW, RWA, 646
Official NameRepublic of Rwanda
Government TypePresidential Republic
CurrencyRwandan Franc (RWF)
Calling Code+250
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, East African Community, Commonwealth of Nations, Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
PopulationApproximately 12.6 million
Total Area26,338 km²
Highest PointMount Karisimbi (4,507 meters, 14,787 feet)
Lowest PointRusizi River (950 meters, 3,117 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 830
Life Expectancy69 years
Internet TLD.rw

Rwanda National Anthem

Rwanda nziza (Beautiful Rwanda)

Beautiful Rwanda, land of our ancestors,
May you be blessed, free of woes,
Bravely grow and prosper.
Motherland, would be admired by all.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Rwanda Flag

The national flag of Rwanda was adopted on October 25, 2001, symbolizing a new era for the country following the Rwandan genocide in 1994. The flag’s design was part of Rwanda’s efforts to move away from the past and represent hope for the future.

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of sky blue (top, double width), yellow, and green. The sky blue color symbolizes peace and happiness, the yellow stripe represents economic development, and the green stripe signifies the hope of prosperity. On the right side of the flag is a yellow sun with 24 rays, symbolizing light illuminating the nation and its unity, transparency, and fight against ignorance.

This flag replaced the previous one, which had been in use since 1962 following Rwanda’s independence from Belgium. The old flag contained colors associated with the political party that played a significant role in the genocide. The adoption of the new flag was part of Rwanda’s broader strategy to rebuild the nation, fostering unity and national identity, and distancing itself from the divisions of the past.

The Rwandan flag is a symbol of the country’s rebirth, its resilience, and its commitment to a peaceful and prosperous future. It is flown across Rwanda and represents the nation in international events. The flag embodies the spirit of the Rwandan people, their aspirations, and their determination to overcome their historical challenges.