Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesST, STP
Official NameDemocratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
CapitalSão Tomé
Government TypeSemi-presidential Republic
CurrencySão Tomé and Príncipe Dobra (STN)
Calling Code+239
Member OfUnited Nations, African Union, Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)
PopulationApprox. 219,000 (2021 estimate)
Total Area1,001 sq km
Highest PointPico de São Tomé (2,024 meters or 6,640 feet)
Lowest PointSea Level
GDP Per Capita$2,225 (2020 estimate)
Life ExpectancyAround 70 years
Internet TLD.st

São Tomé and Príncipe National Anthem

Independência Total

Total independence, sacred right of the people,
We fight with the world’s support.
In the struggle against imperialism,
The enemy we shall defeat.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the São Tomé and Príncipe Flag

The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe, adopted on November 5, 1975, upon gaining independence from Portugal, is rich in symbolism and reflects the nation’s identity and history. The flag consists of three horizontal bands of green, yellow, and green, with a red triangle at the hoist and two black stars in the yellow band.

The green color symbolizes the lush vegetation of the islands, the yellow represents the cocoa, a key agricultural product, and the red triangle stands for the struggle for independence. The two black stars represent the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe. The design reflects the influence of the Pan-African movement, evident in the use of traditional Pan-African colors.

The flag has remained unchanged since its inception, symbolizing the unity and stability of the nation post-independence. The symbolism extends beyond the colors to the flag’s very layout, with the triangle pointing forward, representing the country’s progressive outlook and determination to move forward despite past hardships.

Throughout its history, the flag has become a powerful symbol of national pride, unity, and the fight for sovereignty. It is a constant reminder of the country’s journey towards freedom and its aspirations for a brighter future. The flag is celebrated and revered, especially during national holidays and significant historical commemorations, and is a central emblem of São Tomé and Príncipe’s national identity.