Flag of Tonga

Tonga Flag

Country Information

Sovereign StateYes
Country CodesTO, TON, 776
Official NameKingdom of Tonga
Government TypeConstitutional Monarchy
CurrencyTongan pa’anga (TOP)
Calling Code+676
Member OfUnited Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, Pacific Islands Forum
PopulationApproximately 105,000
Total Area748 km²
Highest PointKao (1,033 meters, 3,389 feet)
Lowest PointSouth Pacific Ocean (0 meters, 0 feet)
GDP Per CapitaUSD 4,620
Life Expectancy71 years
Internet TLD.to

Tonga National Anthem

Koe Fasi ‘Oe Tu’i ‘Oe Otu Tonga (Song of the King of the Tonga Islands)

Oh, Almighty God above,
Thou art our Lord and sure defense,
As thy people, we trust thee forever.

Flags of Neighboring Countries

History of the Tonga Flag

The national flag of Tonga was officially adopted on November 4, 1875. It is one of the oldest flags in the South Pacific. The design of the flag is highly symbolic and reflects Tonga’s cultural and political history.

The flag features a red field with a white canton charged with a red cross. The red cross symbolizes Christianity, which is the predominant religion in Tonga and plays a central role in the society and governance of the country. The white canton represents purity and the red field stands for the blood of Christ, symbolizing Tonga’s deep Christian faith.

The Tongan flag was designed at a time when Tonga was navigating its relationship with European powers and asserting its sovereignty. The flag was a declaration of the kingdom’s independence and its Christian values, which were seen as vital for the nation’s identity and unity.

Since its adoption, the Tongan flag has remained unchanged, a rarity among national flags. This continuity reflects the stability and enduring cultural heritage of Tonga. The flag is a source of national pride and is deeply respected. It is displayed prominently in Tonga and at international events, representing the nation’s unique identity and history as the only Pacific nation never to have been formally colonized.