Discover the main dishes of Egypt

Discover the Main Dishes of Egypt

Are you curious about the delectable cuisine of Egypt? Look no further! In this article, we will explore the main dishes that make Egyptian food so unique and flavorful. From traditional favorites like koshari and ful medames to mouthwatering street food like taameya and shawarma, Egypt has a wide variety of dishes to satisfy every palate. Join us on this culinary journey as we delve into the rich and diverse flavors of Egyptian cuisine.

Traditional Egyptian Cuisine


Koshari is a popular traditional Egyptian dish that is a must-try for any food enthusiast visiting Egypt. This flavorful dish is a delightful combination of rice, lentils, and macaroni, topped with a generous serving of tomato sauce and crispy fried onions. The different textures and flavors blend together perfectly, creating a unique and satisfying culinary experience. Koshari is often garnished with spicy chili sauce and served with a side of tangy pickled vegetables. This humble street food has gained popularity not only in Egypt but also worldwide, making it a beloved staple in Egyptian cuisine.

Ful Medames

Ful Medames is another iconic dish that has been a part of Egyptian cuisine for centuries. It is a hearty and nutritious dish made from fava beans that are slow-cooked until they become tender and creamy. The cooked beans are then seasoned with garlic, lemon juice, and aromatic herbs, creating a rich and earthy flavor. Ful Medames is commonly enjoyed for breakfast, served with warm pita bread and accompanied by fresh vegetables and pickles. This dish is not only delicious but also provides a great source of protein, making it a favorite among vegetarians and health-conscious individuals.


Molokhia is a traditional Egyptian dish that showcases the country’s love for leafy greens. It is made from the leaves of the jute plant, which are finely chopped and cooked with garlic, coriander, and other spices. The result is a thick and savory stew with a distinctive slimy texture that might be unusual to some but is highly appreciated by locals. Molokhia is often served over a bed of rice or accompanied by Egyptian bread. This dish is not only delicious but also packed with nutrients, including vitamins A and C, iron, and fiber. It is a true representation of the wholesome and healthy nature of Egyptian cuisine.

These three dishes, Koshari, Ful Medames, and Molokhia, are just a glimpse into the diverse and flavorful world of traditional Egyptian cuisine. Exploring the main dishes of Egypt is an adventure that will delight your taste buds and introduce you to the rich culinary heritage of this ancient land.

Egyptian Street Food


Taameya, also known as falafel, is a popular Egyptian street food that is loved by locals and tourists alike. These deep-fried patties are made from mashed fava beans or chickpeas mixed with herbs, spices, onions, and garlic. The mixture is then shaped into small balls or patties and deep-fried until crispy and golden brown. Taameya is typically served with a side of tahini sauce, salad, and pita bread. The combination of the crunchy exterior and the soft, flavorful interior make taameya a must-try street food in Egypt.

Kofta Sandwich

The kofta sandwich is another delicious street food that you must try when exploring the vibrant food scene of Egypt. Kofta refers to seasoned ground meat, usually beef or lamb, that is shaped into small cylindrical or oval-shaped pieces and grilled on skewers. These juicy and flavorful kofta are then placed inside a fresh, warm pita bread and garnished with a variety of toppings such as lettuce, tomatoes, onions, and tahini sauce. The combination of the tender kofta and the soft pita bread creates a mouthwatering sandwich that is sure to satisfy your cravings.


Hawawshi is a popular Egyptian street food that is perfect for meat lovers. It is essentially a stuffed pastry made with ground beef or lamb mixed with a blend of aromatic spices such as cumin, coriander, and garlic. The meat mixture is then stuffed inside a round dough, similar to a pita bread, and baked until crispy and golden brown. The result is a flavorful and savory pastry that is often enjoyed with a side of pickles or tahini sauce. Hawawshi is a delicious and filling street food option that will leave you wanting more.

Whether you’re exploring the bustling streets of Cairo or wandering through the colorful markets of Alexandria, be sure to indulge in these mouthwatering Egyptian street food delights. From the savory taameya to the juicy kofta sandwich and the flavorful hawawshi, these dishes will take your taste buds on a culinary adventure through the vibrant flavors of Egypt.

Egyptian Desserts


Basbousa is a traditional Egyptian dessert that is widely enjoyed throughout the country. Made from semolina, sugar, and coconut, this sweet treat is often flavored with rosewater or orange blossom water. Basbousa has a moist and dense texture, and it is commonly garnished with almonds or pistachios. Egyptians love to serve Basbousa during special occasions and gatherings, as it is not only delicious but also represents the rich culinary heritage of Egypt.

Umm Ali

Umm Ali is a popular Egyptian dessert that has a fascinating history. Legend has it that this dessert originated during the time of the Ayyubid dynasty. Umm Ali, which translates to "Mother of Ali," is a creamy and comforting bread pudding. It is made with layers of crispy puff pastry, milk, sugar, and a variety of nuts such as pistachios and almonds. Some versions also include raisins and coconut flakes. Umm Ali is typically served warm, and its indulgent taste and aroma make it a favorite among locals and visitors alike.


Konafa, also known as Kunafa or Kanafeh, is an iconic Egyptian dessert that is adored for its unique taste and beautiful presentation. This pastry is made from vermicelli-like dough, known as kataifi, which is layered with sweet cheese or cream filling. The pastry is baked until golden and crispy, and then drenched in a sweet sugar syrup infused with rosewater or orange blossom water. Konafa is often garnished with crushed pistachios or other nuts, adding a delightful crunch to each bite. This delicacy is a true celebration of Egyptian culinary craftsmanship and is a must-try for anyone visiting Egypt.

These three desserts, Basbousa, Umm Ali, and Konafa, showcase the diverse and delicious world of Egyptian sweets. Whether you have a sweet tooth or an appreciation for cultural gastronomy, these desserts are sure to satisfy your cravings and leave you with a lasting impression of the rich dessert traditions in Egypt.


In conclusion, Egypt offers a diverse and rich culinary experience through its main dishes. From the aromatic and flavorful Kushari, to the mouthwatering and tender Molokhia, and the traditional and hearty Fatta, these main dishes showcase the country’s unique flavors and cultural heritage. Exploring the main dishes of Egypt not only satisfies the taste buds but also provides a glimpse into the rich history and traditions of this fascinating country. Whether you are a food enthusiast or simply curious about Egyptian cuisine, be prepared to embark on a culinary journey that will leave you wanting more.

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