Norwegian-speaking countries around the world

Norwegian-Speaking Countries Around the World

Are you curious about the Norwegian language and its global reach? In this article, we will explore the Norwegian-speaking countries scattered around the world. From the stunning landscapes of Norway itself to unexpected corners of the globe, you’ll discover where Norwegian is spoken as an official language or widely used as a second language. Join us on this linguistic journey as we delve into the cultural diversity and linguistic richness of Norwegian-speaking countries worldwide.

Scandinavian Countries


Norway, officially known as the Kingdom of Norway, is a Scandinavian country situated in Northern Europe. It shares its borders with Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The official language spoken in Norway is Norwegian. Norwegian is a North Germanic language and is primarily spoken by the majority of the population.

Norway is renowned for its stunning landscapes, including fjords, mountains, and glaciers. The country is known for its rich Viking heritage and has a strong cultural tradition. It is famous for its outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing, and fishing.


Sweden, officially known as the Kingdom of Sweden, is another Scandinavian country located in Northern Europe. It shares its borders with Norway and Finland. The official language spoken in Sweden is Swedish. Swedish is also a North Germanic language and is widely spoken throughout the country.

Sweden is known for its beautiful coastline, dense forests, and numerous lakes. The country has a rich history and is famous for its contributions to science, literature, and design. It is home to many iconic landmarks, including the ABBA Museum, the Vasa Museum, and the Stockholm Royal Palace.


Denmark, officially known as the Kingdom of Denmark, is the southernmost Scandinavian country. It shares its borders with Germany and is connected to Sweden via a bridge-tunnel. The official language spoken in Denmark is Danish. Danish is another North Germanic language and is predominantly spoken in the country.

Denmark is famous for its picturesque landscapes, charming cities, and historic castles. The country is known for its cycling culture and has an extensive network of bike paths. Denmark is also renowned for its design and architecture, with notable examples like The Little Mermaid statue in Copenhagen and the LEGO Group, a globally recognized toy brand.

These three Scandinavian countries, Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, share a common linguistic heritage and have their unique cultural identities. They offer a wide range of attractions and experiences for visitors, making them popular destinations for travelers from around the world.

Countries with Norwegian as an Official Language


Norway, officially known as the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe. As the birthplace of the Norwegian language, it is no surprise that Norwegian is an official language in this beautiful Scandinavian nation. With a population of over 5 million people, Norway is renowned for its stunning fjords, picturesque landscapes, and high standard of living. The Norwegian language, known as "Norsk," holds great cultural significance and is widely spoken throughout the country.


Svalbard is an archipelago situated in the Arctic Ocean, halfway between mainland Norway and the North Pole. Despite its remote location, Svalbard is an integral part of the Kingdom of Norway and has Norwegian as an official language. This unique territory is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including polar bears, reindeer, and Arctic foxes. With a population of around 2,500 people, Svalbard offers a captivating blend of untouched nature and a vibrant scientific community.

Jan Mayen

Jan Mayen is a volcanic island located in the Arctic Ocean, northeast of Iceland. Although uninhabited, this remote island is also considered an integral part of the Kingdom of Norway and has Norwegian as an official language. Jan Mayen is known for its awe-inspiring landscapes, including the Beerenberg volcano, which is the northernmost active volcano on Earth. Due to its isolated location and challenging climate, Jan Mayen is primarily visited by researchers and military personnel.

These three territories, Norway, Svalbard, and Jan Mayen, represent the Norwegian-speaking countries around the world. Each one offers a unique experience and showcases the rich cultural and natural heritage of Norway. Whether it’s exploring the vibrant cities of Norway, witnessing the untouched wilderness of Svalbard, or marveling at the volcanic landscapes of Jan Mayen, these destinations provide a glimpse into the linguistic and geographical diversity of Norwegian-speaking regions.

Countries with Norwegian as a Recognized Minority Language

United States

Norwegian is recognized as a minority language in the United States. Although English is the predominant language spoken in the country, there are pockets of Norwegian-speaking communities scattered across various states. These communities originated from Norwegian immigrants who settled in the United States in the 19th and early 20th centuries, primarily in the Upper Midwest region.

One notable area where Norwegian is still spoken is in the state of Minnesota. The city of Minneapolis, in particular, has a significant Norwegian-American population. Organizations such as the Norwegian American Chamber of Commerce and the Sons of Norway play an active role in preserving and promoting Norwegian culture and language within these communities.


Canada also recognizes Norwegian as a minority language, although it is not as widely spoken as in the United States. Norwegian-speaking communities can be found in certain provinces, such as Alberta, British Columbia, and Manitoba. These communities are primarily made up of descendants of Norwegian immigrants who arrived in Canada during the 19th and 20th centuries.

The city of Camrose in Alberta, for example, has a strong Norwegian heritage and is home to the Camrose Norwegian Lutheran Church. Norwegian cultural events and festivals are organized in these communities to celebrate and maintain their linguistic and cultural traditions.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, Norwegian is recognized as a minority language due to the presence of Norwegian-speaking communities in certain regions. The largest concentration of Norwegian speakers can be found in the city of London, where there is a significant Norwegian expatriate population.

Norwegian language classes, cultural events, and social gatherings are organized by various organizations to cater to the needs and interests of the Norwegian-speaking community in the United Kingdom. These initiatives provide opportunities for individuals to connect with their Norwegian roots and maintain their language skills.

Overall, while English remains the dominant language in these countries, the recognition of Norwegian as a minority language signifies the importance of preserving and promoting linguistic diversity and cultural heritage within these societies.

Countries with Norwegian-speaking Communities


Australia is home to a vibrant Norwegian-speaking community. With a growing number of Norwegians relocating to Australia for various reasons such as work opportunities, education, and lifestyle, the Norwegian language is spoken and celebrated across the country. Norwegian cultural festivals, language exchange programs, and social gatherings provide ample opportunities for both locals and Norwegians to interact and practice the language. Whether you are a Norwegian expatriate or simply interested in learning the language, Australia offers a welcoming environment to embrace the Norwegian culture.


Surprisingly, Brazil boasts a significant Norwegian-speaking community due to historical ties between the two countries. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many Norwegians migrated to Brazil in search of better economic prospects and farming opportunities. Over time, a Norwegian-Brazilian community emerged, with Norwegian language and culture being preserved and passed down through generations. Today, Norwegian language classes, cultural events, and organizations thrive in Brazil, creating a strong connection between the two nations and providing a unique opportunity to explore Norwegian heritage in the heart of South America.


Germany is another country where Norwegian-speaking communities can be found. With its proximity to Norway and strong economic ties, Germany attracts a significant number of Norwegian expatriates. Cities like Berlin, Munich, and Hamburg have a vibrant Norwegian community, fostering a sense of belonging and providing support for Norwegians living abroad. German universities often offer Norwegian language courses, enabling locals to learn the language and connect with the Norwegian community. Whether you are a student, professional, or simply interested in the Norwegian language, Germany offers a multitude of opportunities to engage with the Norwegian-speaking community.

In conclusion, this article has explored the various Norwegian-speaking countries around the world, highlighting their unique linguistic characteristics and cultural influences. From Norway itself to the distant lands of Greenland and the Faroe Islands, the Norwegian language has managed to leave its mark and maintain a strong presence. Whether due to historical connections or contemporary migration patterns, these countries serve as fascinating examples of linguistic diversity and cultural heritage. By delving into the Norwegian-speaking communities spread across the globe, we gain a deeper appreciation for the global reach and significance of this beautiful language.

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