What are the top 3 languages spoken in Solomon Islands?

Are you curious about the cultural and linguistic diversity of the Solomon Islands? In this article, we will explore the top three languages spoken in this beautiful archipelago. Discover the rich heritage and linguistic traditions of the Solomon Islands as we delve into the most widely spoken languages among its population. Join us on this fascinating journey to learn more about the languages that shape the daily lives and interactions of the people in the Solomon Islands.

Background of Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands, officially known as the Republic of Solomon Islands, is a sovereign country located in the South Pacific Ocean. It is an archipelago consisting of around 1000 islands, with a total land area of approximately 28,400 square kilometers (11,000 square miles). The capital city of Solomon Islands is Honiara.

Geographical location of Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands is situated in the Melanesian region of Oceania, northeast of Australia. It is bordered by Papua New Guinea to the northwest, Vanuatu to the northeast, and New Caledonia to the southeast. The country spans across a vast area of the Pacific Ocean, with the majority of its islands being volcanic in origin.

Population of Solomon Islands

The country has a diverse population, consisting of various ethnic groups, including Melanesians, Polynesians, Micronesians, and others. The official language of Solomon Islands is English, which serves as the lingua franca for communication among different ethnic groups.

Top 3 languages spoken in Solomon Islands

  1. Pijin: Pijin, also known as Solomon Islands Pijin, is an English-based creole language widely spoken throughout the country. It developed as a means of communication between different indigenous languages and European traders during colonial times. Today, Pijin is the most commonly spoken language in Solomon Islands, used by the majority of the population for everyday communication.
  2. English: English is the official language of Solomon Islands and is widely understood and used in government, education, and business sectors. It plays a significant role in facilitating communication between different ethnic groups and serves as a medium of instruction in schools.
  3. Indigenous languages: Solomon Islands is home to numerous indigenous languages, reflecting the rich cultural diversity of the country. Some of the prominent indigenous languages spoken in the islands include Kwaio, Roviana, Gela, and Isabel. These languages are primarily used within specific communities and are an important part of their cultural heritage.

Despite the prevalence of Pijin and English, the indigenous languages continue to be spoken and preserved by their respective communities, contributing to the linguistic diversity of Solomon Islands.

Official Languages of Solomon Islands


English is one of the official languages spoken in Solomon Islands. It is widely used in government, education, and business sectors. As a former British colony, English has been a significant language in the country for many years. It is primarily spoken by the educated population, and most official documents and publications are available in English.


Pijin is another official language spoken in Solomon Islands. It is a creole language that has evolved from English and various local dialects. Pijin is widely spoken among the local population, especially in rural areas. It serves as a lingua franca, allowing communication between people who speak different indigenous languages. Pijin has its unique grammar and vocabulary, making it distinct from both English and the local dialects.

Solomon Islands Pijin

Solomon Islands Pijin, also known as “Solomons Pijin,” is a variant of Pijin specific to the Solomon Islands. While Pijin is spoken in other Pacific nations as well, Solomon Islands Pijin has its unique characteristics and expressions. It is the most widely spoken language in the country, used in everyday conversations, markets, and community gatherings. Solomon Islands Pijin is known for its simplified grammar and extensive use of loanwords from English and local languages.

By recognizing English, Pijin, and Solomon Islands Pijin as the official languages, Solomon Islands embraces its linguistic diversity and promotes effective communication among its diverse population.

Indigenous Languages of Solomon Islands


Roviana is one of the prominent indigenous languages spoken in the Solomon Islands. It is primarily used by the people of the Roviana Lagoon, located in the Western Province of the country. With a rich linguistic heritage, Roviana holds significant cultural value among the local population.

The Roviana language is part of the larger Austronesian language family, which encompasses numerous languages across the Pacific region. It is characterized by its distinct phonetics and grammar, making it a unique and fascinating language to study.


Kwaio is another indigenous language spoken in the Solomon Islands, specifically in the eastern part of Malaita Island. The Kwaio people have preserved this language for generations, passing it down from one community member to another.

Kwaio is known for its complex verbal system and intricate sentence structure. It reflects the rich cultural heritage of the Kwaio people, encompassing their customs, traditions, and spiritual beliefs. The language plays a crucial role in maintaining their cultural identity and serves as a means of communication within their community.


Gela, also referred to as Ghari or Ghari’amo, is a significant indigenous language spoken in the Solomon Islands. It is predominantly used by the Gela people, who reside in the southeast region of Guadalcanal Island.

Gela exhibits unique linguistic features, including its phonology and grammar, which distinguish it from other languages spoken in the region. The language serves as a vital tool for preserving and transmitting the cultural knowledge and traditions of the Gela people.

In conclusion, the Solomon Islands boast a diverse range of indigenous languages, each contributing to the cultural fabric of the country. Roviana, Kwaio, and Gela are just a few examples of the rich linguistic heritage found within the Solomon Islands. Embracing and understanding these languages is crucial for appreciating the unique cultural diversity that exists in this Pacific island nation.

The Solomon Islands is a country rich in cultural diversity, with a multitude of languages spoken throughout its islands. After thorough research, it has been determined that the top three languages spoken in the Solomon Islands are Pijin, English, and Solomon Islands Pijin. These languages not only reflect the historical influences on the country but also serve as a means of communication for its diverse population. Whether it be in everyday conversations or official settings, these languages play a crucial role in preserving the cultural heritage and facilitating interactions among the people of the Solomon Islands.

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