What continent is Maldives in?

The Maldives is a stunning archipelago located in the Indian Ocean. Renowned for its pristine white sandy beaches, crystal clear turquoise waters, and vibrant coral reefs, the Maldives is a popular destination for travelers seeking a tropical paradise. While often mistaken for being part of Asia, the Maldives is actually geographically situated in the continent of Asia. In this article, we will explore the unique geographical location of the Maldives and delve into its fascinating cultural heritage, exquisite marine life, and unparalleled natural beauty.

Location of Maldives

Geographical coordinates

The Maldives is an archipelago located in the Indian Ocean. It is situated between latitudes 1°S and 8°N, and longitudes 72°E and 74°E. The country is made up of 26 atolls, which are composed of more than 1,000 coral islands.

Neighboring countries

The Maldives is surrounded by the following neighboring countries:

  1. Sri Lanka: Located to the southwest of the Maldives, Sri Lanka is the closest neighboring country. It is separated from the Maldives by the Laccadive Sea.

  2. India: To the north of the Maldives, across the Arabian Sea, lies India. The southernmost part of India, known as the Indian state of Minicoy, is in close proximity to the Maldives.

  3. Lakshadweep: Lakshadweep is an archipelago situated off the southwestern coast of India. It is located further north of the Maldives and consists of several small islands.

  4. Chagos Archipelago: Located to the south of the Maldives, the Chagos Archipelago is a group of islands that are part of the British Indian Ocean Territory.

These neighboring countries contribute to the cultural, economic, and geopolitical interactions of the Maldives, making it a strategically positioned nation in the Indian Ocean region.

Geography of Maldives


The Maldives is an archipelago located in the Indian Ocean. It consists of a chain of islands, forming a unique and stunning geographical formation. The archipelago is composed of 26 atolls, each with its own distinct characteristics and beauty.


Atolls are a prominent feature of the Maldives’ geography. They are ring-shaped coral reefs that surround a central lagoon. The Maldives is home to some of the most beautiful atolls in the world, attracting tourists and nature enthusiasts from around the globe. These atolls provide a haven for diverse marine life and offer exceptional opportunities for snorkeling, scuba diving, and exploring vibrant coral reefs.


The Maldives is made up of a total of 1,190 islands, scattered across the Indian Ocean. Only 200 of these islands are inhabited, while others remain untouched, offering pristine natural landscapes. The islands vary in size and shape, with some being small, while others are larger and more populated. Each island possesses its own charm, with white sandy beaches, crystal-clear turquoise waters, and lush vegetation, making them perfect for relaxation and tropical getaways.

The geography of the Maldives, with its breathtaking archipelago, stunning atolls, and picturesque islands, truly makes it a paradise on Earth. Whether you are seeking adventure or simply want to immerse yourself in the beauty of nature, the Maldives offers an unforgettable experience.

Climate of Maldives

Weather patterns

The Maldives, a tropical paradise in the Indian Ocean, experiences a unique weather pattern that is influenced by its geographical location. The archipelago is located near the equator, which means it has a hot and humid climate throughout the year. The weather patterns in the Maldives are characterized by two distinct seasons – the dry season and the wet season.

During the dry season, which typically lasts from November to April, the Maldives enjoys relatively calm and sunny weather. The skies are clear, and the temperature remains pleasantly warm. This is the perfect time for outdoor activities such as snorkeling, diving, and exploring the stunning white sandy beaches.


However, the Maldives also experiences monsoons, which significantly affect its weather patterns. The Southwest Monsoon, known as the Hulhangu Monsoon, occurs from May to October, bringing heavy rainfall and strong winds to the islands. During this season, the weather can be unpredictable, with frequent rain showers and occasional thunderstorms.

The Northeast Monsoon, known as the Iruvai Monsoon, takes place from December to March. Unlike the Southwest Monsoon, the Northeast Monsoon brings less rainfall and is considered a milder monsoon season. The weather during this time is generally dry, making it an ideal period for tourists who prefer less precipitation.

Temperature and rainfall

The Maldives enjoys a warm climate all year round, with average temperatures ranging from 25°C (77°F) to 31°C (88°F). The temperature variation between the hottest and coolest months is minimal. However, the humidity levels can be relatively high, especially during the wet season.

In terms of rainfall, the Maldives receives the majority of its annual precipitation during the monsoon seasons. The wettest months are usually from May to September, with August being the wettest month of the year. During this period, rainfall can be intense, but it is often short-lived, followed by sunny intervals.

Overall, the climate of the Maldives is characterized by a tropical monsoon climate, with warm temperatures, high humidity, and distinct wet and dry seasons. Visitors planning a trip to the Maldives should consider the weather patterns and choose the best time to visit based on their preferences for outdoor activities or avoiding heavy rainfall.

Political and Administrative divisions

Capital city

The capital city of Maldives is Male. Located in the Kaafu Atoll, Male is not only the political hub but also the largest city in the Maldives. It serves as the administrative center and the seat of government for the country.

Administrative divisions

Maldives is divided into administrative atolls. An atoll is a ring-shaped coral reef enclosing a lagoon, with a number of inhabited islands within it. The country is divided into 26 atolls, each consisting of several islands.

These atolls are further divided into administrative divisions called "island councils." Island councils are responsible for local governance and represent the interests of each inhabited island within an atoll. The council members are elected by the residents of each island and work towards providing essential services and maintaining the well-being of the communities.

The atolls and island councils play a crucial role in the political and administrative structure of the Maldives, ensuring effective governance and representation at the local level.

Economy of Maldives

Main industries

The Maldives, a tropical paradise in the Indian Ocean, has a diverse and growing economy. Despite being a small island nation, it has managed to develop several main industries that contribute significantly to its economic growth.

One of the key industries in the Maldives is tourism. The country’s breathtaking natural beauty, pristine beaches, and vibrant marine life attract millions of tourists each year. The tourism sector plays a vital role in the Maldivian economy, accounting for a significant portion of its GDP. Resorts, hotels, and guesthouses offer a range of luxurious accommodations and activities for visitors, ensuring a memorable vacation experience.

Another important industry in the Maldives is fishing. With its vast territorial waters and rich marine resources, fishing has been a traditional livelihood for Maldivians for centuries. The country is renowned for its tuna fisheries, and fishing remains a significant source of income and employment for many locals. The Maldives exports a considerable amount of fish and seafood products, contributing to its foreign exchange earnings.


Tourism is the backbone of the Maldivian economy. The archipelago’s breathtaking natural beauty, crystal-clear waters, and vibrant coral reefs attract tourists from around the world. The Maldives is famous for its luxury resorts, which offer private villas, overwater bungalows, and world-class amenities. Visitors can indulge in various water sports activities like snorkeling, diving, and surfing, exploring the stunning underwater ecosystem. The tourism industry not only provides employment opportunities for the locals but also contributes to infrastructure development and the overall growth of the nation.


Fishing has been a traditional and essential industry in the Maldives for centuries. With its vast Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and diverse marine ecosystem, the country is a haven for fishing enthusiasts. Tuna fishing, in particular, is a significant component of the Maldivian fishing industry. The Maldives practices sustainable fishing methods, ensuring the preservation of marine resources for future generations. The fishing industry not only supports the livelihoods of local communities but also generates export revenue through the sale of fish and seafood products to international markets.

In conclusion, the Maldives has developed a thriving economy based on its main industries, including tourism and fishing. These sectors contribute significantly to the country’s GDP, employment opportunities, and foreign exchange earnings. With its stunning natural beauty and rich marine resources, the Maldives continues to attract tourists and fishing enthusiasts, ensuring sustainable economic growth for the nation.

The Maldives is a unique and stunning destination located in the Indian Ocean. Despite its small size, this archipelago nation boasts an abundance of natural beauty and a rich cultural heritage. With its crystal-clear waters, vibrant coral reefs, and picturesque white sandy beaches, it is no wonder that the Maldives is a popular choice for travelers seeking a tropical paradise. Although geographically part of Asia, the Maldives is often considered a separate continent due to its distinct cultural and geographical characteristics. Whether you are seeking relaxation, adventure, or a romantic getaway, the Maldives offers an unparalleled experience that will leave you in awe.

Share This Post: