What countries use Basque as their primary language?

What countries use Basque as their primary language?

If you are curious about the countries where Basque is spoken as the primary language, you have come to the right place. In this article, we will explore the countries where Basque holds official status and is widely spoken by the majority of the population. Discover the fascinating linguistic landscape of Basque and delve into the cultural richness of these nations. Join us as we uncover the countries that embrace the unique and ancient language of Basque.

Basque-speaking countries in Europe


Spain is known for having the largest population of Basque speakers. The Basque language, also known as Euskara, is predominantly spoken in the Basque Country, an autonomous community located in the northern part of Spain. With over 700,000 speakers, Basque is recognized as an official language in this region. The Basque Country consists of three provinces: Álava, Gipuzkoa, and Biscay, where Basque is widely spoken and holds great cultural significance.


Apart from Spain, France is another country in Europe where Basque is spoken, although to a lesser extent. The Basque language, referred to as Euskara in Basque, is primarily spoken in the French Basque Country, which is situated in the southwestern part of France. This region, also known as Pays Basque, is home to around 180,000 Basque speakers. Although French is the dominant language in the area, Basque holds a significant cultural importance, and efforts are being made to preserve and promote the language among the local population.

In conclusion, Basque is primarily spoken in Spain, specifically in the Basque Country, and to a lesser extent in the French Basque Country. These regions are not only known for their unique cultural heritage but also for their dedication to preserving the Basque language.

Countries with Basque-speaking communities


Argentina is one of the countries that has a significant Basque-speaking community. The Basque language, also known as Euskara, is spoken by a considerable number of people in certain regions of Argentina. The Basque community in Argentina has a rich history and has made significant contributions to the cultural diversity of the country.


Chile is another country that is home to a Basque-speaking community. Though the number of Basque speakers in Chile is relatively smaller compared to other countries, there is still a vibrant Basque community present. The Basque language and culture have had an influence on various aspects of Chilean society, contributing to the country’s multicultural heritage.


Uruguay also has a notable Basque-speaking community. The Basque language has been preserved and spoken by a significant number of individuals in Uruguay. The Basque community in Uruguay has maintained strong ties to its cultural roots and has actively promoted the language through various cultural events and organizations.

These countries, Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay, have thriving Basque-speaking communities that contribute to the preservation and promotion of the Basque language and culture.

The Basque language, known as Euskara, is primarily spoken in three countries: Spain, France, and a small region in Italy. With its unique linguistic characteristics and historical significance, Basque holds an important place in the cultural heritage of these nations. While Spanish and French dominate as the official languages in most regions, efforts have been made to preserve and promote the use of Basque through educational programs, media, and government support. Despite its limited geographical reach, Basque continues to thrive as a symbol of identity and linguistic diversity in these countries.

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