Which countries use Welsh as their official language?

Which countries use Welsh as their official language?

Welsh is a unique and ancient language that has been spoken in Wales for centuries. However, it may come as a surprise that Welsh is not only limited to this region. In fact, there are a few countries around the world that have recognized Welsh as an official language. In this article, we will explore the countries that use Welsh as their official language, shedding light on the cultural significance and linguistic diversity associated with this fascinating language. Whether you are a language enthusiast or simply curious about the global reach of Welsh, read on to discover more about the countries that embrace this beautiful and historic language.

Countries where Welsh is recognized as an official language


Wales, a country located in the western part of Great Britain, is the birthplace of the Welsh language. Here, Welsh holds the status of an official language alongside English. With a rich history dating back over a thousand years, Welsh has played a significant role in shaping the cultural identity of the Welsh people. Today, it continues to be a vibrant and widely spoken language in Wales, with approximately 29% of the population being able to speak Welsh.

The recognition of Welsh as an official language in Wales is a reflection of the country’s commitment to preserving its unique linguistic heritage. It is taught in schools, used in government institutions, and has a dedicated Welsh-language media. The Welsh Language Commissioner, an official body, oversees the promotion and development of the language, ensuring its vitality for future generations.

United Kingdom

While Welsh is primarily associated with Wales, it is also recognized as an official language of the United Kingdom as a whole. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Each country has its own distinct culture and language, and Welsh represents the linguistic diversity within the UK.

The official recognition of Welsh within the UK acknowledges the importance of language rights and cultural diversity. It ensures that Welsh speakers across the country have the opportunity to use their language in various official capacities, including legal proceedings, government documentation, and public services.

In Wales, the bilingual nature of the country is further strengthened by the recognition of Welsh as an official language at the national level. This recognition not only fosters inclusivity and respect for linguistic diversity but also helps to preserve the cultural heritage of the Welsh people within the broader context of the United Kingdom.

Countries with Welsh as a regional or minority language


Welsh is recognized as a regional language in Argentina, specifically in the province of Chubut. The Welsh language has a rich history in this region, dating back to the late 19th century when Welsh immigrants settled in the area. Today, there are still Welsh-speaking communities in Chubut, where the language is actively preserved and celebrated. Various cultural events and festivals are organized to promote the Welsh language and heritage in Argentina.


In Australia, Welsh is considered a minority language, particularly in the state of New South Wales. The Welsh community in Australia has a long-established presence, with Welsh immigrants arriving in the country during the 19th century. Although the Welsh language is not widely spoken in Australia today, there are still efforts to maintain and promote the language within the Welsh community through events, societies, and cultural activities.


In Canada, Welsh is recognized as a regional language in the province of Patagonia, specifically in the city of Gaiman. The Welsh language has a unique history in this region, as Welsh settlers established colonies in Patagonia in the late 19th century. The Welsh language and culture have been preserved by subsequent generations, and today there are Welsh-speaking communities and institutions that actively promote the language in Gaiman and surrounding areas.


Welsh is considered a regional language in Chile, particularly in the region of Los Rios. The Welsh language has a fascinating history in Chile, with Welsh immigrants arriving in the country in the mid-19th century. The language and culture have been maintained and passed down through the generations, resulting in Welsh-speaking communities in various towns within the Los Rios region. Welsh cultural events and traditions continue to be celebrated, ensuring the preservation of the language in Chile.

New Zealand

In New Zealand, Welsh is recognized as a minority language, primarily in the city of Waimate. Welsh settlers arrived in Waimate during the late 19th century, establishing a Welsh-speaking community that has endured to this day. While the number of Welsh speakers in New Zealand may be relatively small, efforts are made to promote and preserve the language through cultural events, Welsh societies, and educational initiatives.

United States

Welsh is considered a regional language in the United States, particularly in the state of Pennsylvania. The Welsh language has historical roots in Pennsylvania, with Welsh immigrants settling in the area during the 17th and 18th centuries. While the number of Welsh speakers has declined over the years, there are still communities that strive to maintain and promote the language through Welsh cultural organizations, festivals, and educational programs.

Overall, these countries recognize Welsh as either a regional or minority language, showcasing the enduring influence and importance of the Welsh language and culture in various parts of the world.

Efforts to promote and preserve the Welsh language worldwide

Welsh, a Celtic language spoken by around 600,000 people primarily in Wales, has a rich cultural heritage that is deeply intertwined with the nation’s identity. Efforts to promote and preserve the Welsh language have been made not only within Wales but also internationally. Various initiatives and organizations have played a crucial role in revitalizing the language, establishing Welsh language schools, and fostering cultural awareness.

Language revitalization initiatives

To ensure the survival and growth of the Welsh language, numerous language revitalization initiatives have been implemented. These initiatives aim to encourage Welsh speakers and learners, both within Wales and beyond, to embrace and use the language in their daily lives. One such initiative is the Menter Iaith, which operates in different regions of Wales and offers a range of activities and resources to promote Welsh language usage. These activities include language classes, cultural events, and community projects that celebrate the linguistic and cultural heritage of Wales.

Welsh language schools and education programs

The establishment of Welsh language schools and education programs has been instrumental in nurturing the use of Welsh among younger generations. These schools provide a bilingual education, where students learn subjects in both English and Welsh, ensuring that the language remains an integral part of their academic journey. The Welsh government has also been proactive in supporting Welsh-medium education, providing funding and resources for the growth of Welsh language schools and the development of educational materials in Welsh.

Furthermore, universities in Wales offer Welsh language courses and degrees, allowing individuals to pursue higher education through the medium of Welsh. These programs not only provide opportunities for Welsh speakers to develop their language skills but also contribute to the preservation of Welsh language literature, research, and academia.

Welsh cultural organizations

Welsh cultural organizations play a crucial role in promoting the Welsh language, as they provide a platform for cultural expression and exchange. These organizations often organize events, festivals, and workshops that showcase various aspects of Welsh culture, including language, music, literature, and arts. By fostering a sense of pride and identity in Welsh speakers, these organizations contribute to the preservation and promotion of the language both within Wales and internationally.

Moreover, organizations such as the Welsh Language Society (Cymdeithas yr Iaith Gymraeg) advocate for the rights and status of the Welsh language, campaigning for its increased visibility and usage in public spaces, media, and government services. Through their activism and lobbying efforts, these organizations strive to ensure that the Welsh language continues to thrive and be recognized as an essential part of Welsh society.

In conclusion, the global efforts to promote and preserve the Welsh language are multifaceted and encompass language revitalization initiatives, Welsh language schools and education programs, and Welsh cultural organizations. Through these collective endeavors, the Welsh language is celebrated, nurtured, and given the opportunity to flourish not only within Wales but also on an international scale.

In conclusion, although Welsh is recognized as the official language of Wales, it is not widely used as the official language in any other countries. Its status as an official language is predominantly limited to Wales, where efforts are being made to preserve and promote its use. However, Welsh-speaking communities can also be found in other parts of the United Kingdom, particularly in areas with historical ties to the Welsh language. While Welsh holds an important cultural and linguistic significance, its usage as an official language remains unique to Wales.

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