Explore the Bordering Countries of Armenia

Explore the Bordering Countries of Armenia

Armenia, a picturesque country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, offers an abundance of natural beauty and rich cultural heritage. Beyond its own borders, Armenia is surrounded by four fascinating countries that are worth exploring. From the rugged landscapes and ancient monasteries of Georgia to the historical landmarks and diverse landscapes of Turkey, the neighboring countries of Armenia offer a unique blend of history, culture, and natural wonders. Join us on a virtual journey as we delve into the enchanting bordering countries of Armenia and discover the hidden gems they have to offer.

Bordering Countries of Armenia


Armenia shares a border with Georgia to the north. This border stretches for approximately 219 kilometers. The two countries have a long history of cultural and economic ties. Georgia offers breathtaking landscapes, including the stunning Caucasus Mountains and the picturesque capital city of Tbilisi. Travelers can explore the rich Georgian culture, indulge in delicious local cuisine, and visit historic sites such as the ancient cave city of Uplistsikhe.


To the east of Armenia lies Azerbaijan, with a border spanning approximately 787 kilometers. Armenia and Azerbaijan have a complex relationship due to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. However, despite the political tensions, both countries share a fascinating history and culture. Azerbaijan boasts a diverse landscape, from the Caspian Sea coastline to the beautiful Gobustan National Park. Visitors can discover the vibrant city of Baku, known for its modern architecture and UNESCO-listed Old City.


Armenia’s southern border is shared with Iran, extending for around 35 kilometers. This border crossing serves as an important gateway between the two countries, facilitating trade and cultural exchange. Iran offers a wealth of attractions, from ancient Persian ruins to bustling bazaars. Visitors can explore the historic city of Tabriz, marvel at the stunning architecture of Isfahan, or discover the ancient ruins of Persepolis.


To the west of Armenia lies Turkey, with a border stretching approximately 268 kilometers. The border between Armenia and Turkey has been closed since 1993 due to the unresolved Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. However, Turkey remains an important neighbor to Armenia, with shared historical and cultural influences. Travelers can explore the vibrant city of Istanbul, visit iconic landmarks like the Hagia Sophia, or discover the unique blend of Eastern and Western traditions in Turkish cuisine.

Armenia’s bordering countries offer diverse landscapes, vibrant cultures, and fascinating histories, making them ideal destinations for exploration and discovery.

Discovering Georgia

Capital City: Tbilisi

Tbilisi, the capital city of Georgia, is a vibrant and dynamic destination that offers a unique blend of history, culture, and modernity. Nestled in the heart of the Caucasus region, Tbilisi is known for its diverse architecture, delicious cuisine, and warm hospitality.

Key Attractions

  1. Old Town: One of the main highlights of Tbilisi is its charming Old Town. Wander through its narrow cobblestone streets and discover ancient churches, traditional houses with wooden balconies, and hidden courtyards. Don’t miss the iconic landmark of Tbilisi, the Narikala Fortress, which offers breathtaking views of the city.

  2. Rustaveli Avenue: This bustling avenue is the main thoroughfare of Tbilisi and is lined with shops, cafes, theaters, and museums. Take a leisurely stroll along Rustaveli Avenue and soak in the lively atmosphere, or visit the Georgian National Museum and the Georgian National Opera Theater.

  3. Bridge of Peace: The modern architectural marvel, Bridge of Peace, spans the Mtkvari River and connects the old and new parts of the city. Take a walk across this pedestrian bridge adorned with thousands of LED lights that create a stunning light show at night.

  4. Mtatsminda Park: For panoramic views of Tbilisi, head to Mtatsminda Park. Located on top of Mount Mtatsminda, this amusement park offers thrilling rides, a Ferris wheel, and various entertainment options for visitors of all ages.

Cultural Experiences

  1. Georgian Cuisine: Indulge in the flavors of Georgian cuisine, which is known for its rich and diverse dishes. Try khachapuri, a traditional cheese-filled bread, or khinkali, mouthwatering dumplings filled with meat or cheese. Don’t forget to pair your meal with a glass of Georgian wine, which has a long and esteemed history.

  2. Sulfur Baths: Experience the traditional Georgian bath culture at the sulfur baths in Abanotubani. Relax in the healing hot springs and treat yourself to a rejuvenating spa session. These historic baths have been a vital part of Georgian culture for centuries.

  3. Georgian Polyphonic Singing: Immerse yourself in the enchanting melodies of Georgian polyphonic singing. This unique style of vocal music, recognized by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage, showcases the harmonious blend of multiple voices singing together in a captivating manner.

Exploring Georgia will undoubtedly provide you with an unforgettable journey through its historic landmarks, mouthwatering cuisine, and vibrant culture. Plan a visit to Tbilisi and immerse yourself in the charm and warmth of this beautiful country.

Exploring Azerbaijan

Capital City: Baku

Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, is a vibrant and cosmopolitan destination that offers a unique blend of history and modernity. Located on the shores of the Caspian Sea, this bustling metropolis is known for its stunning architecture, rich cultural heritage, and warm hospitality.

With a population of over two million people, Baku is the largest city in Azerbaijan and serves as the country’s economic, political, and cultural center. This dynamic city has undergone rapid development in recent years, resulting in a skyline adorned with futuristic skyscrapers and contemporary buildings.

Must-Visit Places

  1. Old City (Icherisheher): Step back in time as you wander through the narrow streets of Baku’s Old City, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here, you will discover ancient mosques, impressive palaces, and historic landmarks that highlight the city’s rich past.

  2. Flame Towers: These iconic skyscrapers dominate Baku’s skyline and are a symbol of the city’s modern architectural prowess. As night falls, the towers come alive with a mesmerizing light show, creating a truly enchanting spectacle.

  3. Heydar Aliyev Center: Designed by renowned architect Zaha Hadid, the Heydar Aliyev Center is a masterpiece of contemporary architecture. Its fluid and futuristic design make it a must-visit for art and design enthusiasts.

  4. Yanar Dag (Burning Mountain): Located on the outskirts of Baku, Yanar Dag is a natural phenomenon where flames continuously burn on the surface of the hillside. It is a captivating sight and a testament to Azerbaijan’s rich oil and gas reserves.

Rich Cultural Heritage

Azerbaijan boasts a diverse cultural heritage that has been shaped by its location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. The country’s unique blend of traditions, languages, and customs make it a fascinating destination for cultural exploration.

  1. Museums: Baku is home to several museums that offer insight into Azerbaijan’s history and culture. The Azerbaijan National Museum of History and the Museum of Modern Art are among the most notable ones, showcasing a wide range of artifacts and artworks.

  2. Maiden Tower: This iconic landmark in Baku is a testament to the country’s ancient roots. The Maiden Tower, dating back to the 12th century, has become a symbol of the city and offers panoramic views of Baku’s skyline.

  3. Traditional Music and Dance: Immerse yourself in Azerbaijan’s vibrant music and dance traditions. From the soul-stirring melodies of mugham (traditional music) to the energetic moves of the national dance, yalli, you will experience the country’s rich cultural expressions firsthand.

  4. Local Cuisine: Indulge in the flavors of Azerbaijani cuisine, which is a delightful fusion of Middle Eastern, Caucasian, and Central Asian influences. Don’t miss out on trying national dishes like plov (rice pilaf), dolma (stuffed grape leaves), and kebab.

As you explore Azerbaijan, you will be captivated by its blend of ancient history and modernity, its architectural wonders, and its warm and welcoming people. Baku, the capital city, offers a vibrant urban experience, while the country’s rich cultural heritage provides a deeper understanding of Azerbaijan’s fascinating past and present.

Iran: A Land of Diversity

Capital City: Tehran

Tehran, the capital city of Iran, is a bustling metropolis that offers a unique blend of traditional Persian heritage and modern urbanization. As one of the largest cities in Western Asia, Tehran serves as the political, economic, and cultural center of Iran. With a population of over 8 million people, this vibrant city is a melting pot of diverse cultures and ethnicities.

Historical Sites

Iran boasts a rich historical heritage, and Tehran is no exception. The city is home to numerous historical sites that take visitors on a journey through time. One must-visit attraction is the Golestan Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage site. This magnificent complex showcases the opulence and grandeur of the Qajar dynasty, with its stunning architecture and lush gardens.

Another notable historical site in Tehran is the National Museum of Iran. Here, visitors can explore artifacts dating back thousands of years, including ancient pottery, sculptures, coins, and manuscripts. The museum provides a fascinating glimpse into Iran’s rich cultural history and serves as a testament to its enduring civilization.

Natural Wonders

Iran’s natural beauty is truly awe-inspiring, and Tehran offers access to some of the country’s most breathtaking natural wonders. Just a short drive from the city, visitors can immerse themselves in the majestic Alborz Mountains. These towering peaks provide a picturesque backdrop for hiking, skiing, and enjoying the serenity of nature.

For those seeking a unique natural experience, a trip to the Caspian Sea is a must. The Caspian Sea, the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth, offers stunning coastal landscapes and a chance to relax on sandy beaches. Visitors can also explore the lush forests and wetlands surrounding the sea, home to a diverse array of flora and fauna.

In conclusion, Tehran, the capital city of Iran, is a captivating destination that offers a wealth of experiences for travelers. From exploring its historical sites to immersing oneself in its natural wonders, Tehran provides a glimpse into the diverse and enchanting land of Iran.

Unveiling Turkey

Capital City: Ankara

Ankara, the capital city of Turkey, is a vibrant and bustling metropolis located in the heart of the country. As the second-largest city in Turkey, Ankara offers a unique blend of history, culture, and modernity. With its strategic location, it serves as a gateway to the diverse wonders of this enchanting nation.

Famous Landmarks

Turkey is renowned for its rich historical heritage, and Ankara is no exception. The city is home to several iconic landmarks that showcase its fascinating past. One such landmark is the ancient Roman Temple of Augustus, a well-preserved structure that dates back to the 1st century AD. Visitors can marvel at the intricate details of this architectural masterpiece and delve into its historical significance.

Another must-visit landmark is the Ataturk Mausoleum, the final resting place of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder and first president of modern Turkey. This grand mausoleum stands as a symbol of national pride and pays homage to the visionary leader who shaped the country’s destiny.

Culinary Delights

Turkish cuisine is renowned worldwide for its mouthwatering flavors and unique culinary traditions. In Ankara, food enthusiasts can indulge in a wide array of culinary delights. One must-try dish is "döner kebab," a savory meat dish typically served in a warm pita bread with fresh vegetables and flavorful sauces. The succulent meat, slow-cooked on a vertical rotisserie, creates a delectable combination of flavors.

For those seeking a sweet treat, "baklava" is a must-have dessert. This delicate pastry, made of layers of thin filo dough filled with nuts and soaked in sweet syrup, offers a delightful explosion of flavors and textures. Pair it with a traditional Turkish tea for a truly authentic experience.

Whether you are exploring Ankara’s historical landmarks or indulging in its culinary delights, a visit to Turkey’s capital city promises an unforgettable journey that will captivate your senses and broaden your horizons.

In conclusion, exploring the bordering countries of Armenia offers a unique opportunity to delve into a rich tapestry of history, culture, and natural beauty. From the ancient ruins of Georgia to the vibrant markets of Iran, each country presents its own distinct allure. Whether it is tasting traditional cuisine, visiting UNESCO World Heritage sites, or immersing oneself in the warmth of local hospitality, venturing beyond Armenia’s borders promises an unforgettable experience. So pack your bags and embark on a journey to discover the wonders that await in these neighboring lands.

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