German as a native language in which countries?

German as a native language in which countries?

Are you curious about the countries where German is spoken as a native language? Look no further! In this article, we will explore the various countries where German is widely spoken by its citizens as their first language. Whether you are interested in learning German, planning to travel, or simply want to expand your knowledge, this guide will provide you with valuable insights into the German-speaking world. Discover the countries where German is a native language and get ready to embark on a linguistic journey like no other!

German as a native language in Europe


Germany is widely known as the birthplace of the German language and is home to the largest population of native German speakers in Europe. With over 80 million people, Germany boasts a strong linguistic identity and a rich cultural heritage deeply rooted in the German language. From bustling cities like Berlin and Munich to picturesque towns like Heidelberg and Rothenburg ob der Tauber, German is the primary language spoken by the majority of the population.


Austria, the neighboring country of Germany, is another prominent European nation where German is spoken as a native language. Although Austria has a smaller population compared to Germany, with around 9 million people, German plays a vital role in the country’s cultural and linguistic landscape. From the stunning architecture of Vienna to the breathtaking landscapes of the Austrian Alps, German is the official language and an integral part of everyday life in Austria.


Switzerland, a landlocked country in Central Europe, also recognizes German as one of its official languages. Approximately 65% of the Swiss population speaks German, particularly in the northern and central regions of the country. With its unique blend of cultures and breathtaking natural beauty, Switzerland offers a diverse linguistic environment for German speakers. Whether it’s exploring the vibrant city of Zurich or enjoying the tranquility of the Swiss countryside, German is a native language that connects the Swiss people.

In conclusion, German serves as a native language in several European countries, including Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. These nations embrace the German language as an essential part of their cultural heritage, fostering a sense of identity and unity among their populations. Whether you’re strolling through the streets of Berlin, Vienna, or Zurich, you’ll encounter the richness and beauty of the German language in various aspects of everyday life.

German as a native language outside Europe


Liechtenstein is a small landlocked country located in Central Europe, nestled between Switzerland and Austria. While it is geographically situated in Europe, it is worth mentioning Liechtenstein as a country where German is spoken as a native language.

German is not only recognized as an official language in Liechtenstein but also serves as the country’s primary language. The majority of the population, which is approximately 38,000 people, speaks German as their mother tongue. The dialect spoken in Liechtenstein is closely related to the Swiss German dialect, specifically the Alemannic variety.

The significance of German in Liechtenstein is evident in various aspects of daily life, including education, administration, and media. German language education is highly emphasized, and most schools offer German as the medium of instruction. The government conducts official affairs in German, and newspapers, radio stations, and television broadcasts are predominantly in German.


Luxembourg, a small country in Western Europe, is another nation where German is spoken as a native language alongside two other official languages, namely Luxembourgish and French. This multilingualism is a result of Luxembourg’s historical and cultural influences from neighboring countries.

Approximately 390,000 people reside in Luxembourg, and a significant portion of the population speaks German as their first language. The German dialect spoken in Luxembourg is known as Luxembourgish-German or Letzebuergesch-Deitsch. This dialect is unique to Luxembourg and has been shaped by the country’s linguistic history and interaction with neighboring regions.

German plays a crucial role in Luxembourg’s education system, government, and various societal domains. Many schools offer German as a subject, and it is widely spoken in professional settings and public administration. The media landscape in Luxembourg also includes German-language newspapers, magazines, and radio stations.


Belgium, a country in Western Europe, is recognized for its linguistic diversity. While French and Dutch are the predominant languages, German is spoken as a native language in a specific region of Belgium known as the German-speaking Community.

The German-speaking Community is located in the eastern part of Belgium, close to the German border. Approximately 75,000 people, spread across nine municipalities, speak German as their mother tongue. The German dialect spoken in this region is influenced by the neighboring German language but also exhibits unique characteristics.

In the German-speaking Community of Belgium, German is an official language and is used in education, administration, and cultural activities. Schools in this region provide education in German, and there are German-language media outlets, including newspapers and radio stations, catering to the local population.

In conclusion, while German is primarily associated with Europe, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, and Belgium stand out as countries where German is spoken as a native language. These nations not only embrace German in their daily lives but also recognize its importance in education, governance, and media.

The German language is not only spoken in Germany but also in several other countries around the world. With approximately 95 million native speakers, German holds the position of the most widely spoken native language in Europe. Countries such as Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, and Luxembourg also recognize German as an official language. Additionally, German-speaking communities can be found in neighboring countries like the Netherlands, Denmark, and Poland. Furthermore, due to historical influences, German is spoken by minority communities in countries such as the United States, Brazil, and Namibia. This global presence of the German language showcases its significance and the diverse communities that continue to embrace it.

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