Germany: Which Countries Share a Border with It?

Germany is a country located in Central Europe, known for its rich history, vibrant culture, and strong economy. It shares its borders with nine neighboring countries, making it a vital hub for international trade and cultural exchange. In this article, we will explore the countries that share a border with Germany, highlighting the geographical significance and historical connections between them. Whether you are a traveler, researcher, or simply curious about Germany’s unique position in Europe, this guide will provide valuable insights into the neighboring countries and their relationship with Germany.

Neighboring Countries


Austria is one of the countries that share a border with Germany. Located in Central Europe, Austria is known for its stunning Alpine landscapes, historic cities, and rich cultural heritage. The border between Germany and Austria stretches for approximately 784 kilometers, making it one of Germany’s longest international borders. This close proximity has fostered a strong relationship between the two countries, not only in terms of trade and tourism but also in cultural exchanges and cooperation.


Although Belgium is not geographically adjacent to Germany, it does share a small border with the country. The border between Germany and Belgium is relatively short, measuring around 167 kilometers. This border region is marked by picturesque landscapes and charming towns, making it a popular destination for tourists looking to explore both countries. The close proximity has also facilitated economic ties, with trade and cross-border cooperation playing a significant role in the relationship between Germany and Belgium.

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic, situated in Central Europe, is another neighboring country that shares a border with Germany. The Germany-Czech Republic border spans approximately 815 kilometers, making it one of the longest borders Germany has with any country. This border region is characterized by its diverse landscapes, including the lush Bohemian Forest and the scenic Ore Mountains. The close geographical proximity has led to extensive cultural and economic exchanges between the two countries, with many Germans and Czechs crossing the border for work and leisure purposes.

These neighboring countries play a significant role in Germany’s geopolitical landscape, fostering cooperation, cultural exchange, and economic ties. The shared borders provide opportunities for cross-border trade, tourism, and people-to-people connections, further strengthening the relationship between Germany and its neighboring nations.

Other Bordering Countries


Germany shares a border with Denmark in the north. The border between these two countries is formed by the Schleswig-Holstein region of Germany and the southern part of Denmark known as Jutland. This border stretches for approximately 68 kilometers and is characterized by a mix of land and water boundaries. The region along the German-Danish border is known for its picturesque landscapes, coastal areas, and historical landmarks.


To the southwest of Germany lies the small landlocked country of Luxembourg. The border between Germany and Luxembourg stretches for around 138 kilometers. This border is primarily a land boundary and passes through the western part of Germany’s Rhineland-Palatinate state. The Germany-Luxembourg border is not only important for transportation and trade but also offers opportunities for cross-border cooperation and cultural exchange.


In the west, Germany shares a border with the Netherlands. The Germany-Netherlands border extends for about 577 kilometers, making it one of the longer borders Germany has with its neighboring countries. This border follows the course of the Rhine River and passes through various regions, including North Rhine-Westphalia and Lower Saxony in Germany. The Germany-Netherlands border is significant for economic cooperation, tourism, and cultural connections between the two countries.


To the east, Germany shares a border with Poland. This border is approximately 467 kilometers long and stretches from the Baltic Sea coastline to the southernmost point of Poland. The Germany-Poland border runs through several German states, including Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Saxony, and Saxony-Anhalt. This border plays a crucial role in bilateral trade, cross-border tourism, and fostering regional cooperation.


Germany shares a border with Switzerland in the south. The Germany-Switzerland border spans for about 334 kilometers and passes through the southernmost part of Germany’s Baden-Württemberg state. This border is characterized by its proximity to the Swiss Alps, offering stunning mountain landscapes and opportunities for outdoor activities. The Germany-Switzerland border is significant for trade, tourism, and cross-border collaborations in various sectors.

By sharing borders with Denmark, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland, Germany enjoys geographical proximity to multiple countries, fostering cultural exchange, economic cooperation, and regional integration. These bordering countries contribute to the diversity and interconnectedness of Germany’s neighboring regions.

In conclusion, Germany shares borders with nine countries, making it a central hub in Europe. These neighboring countries include Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands to the west. The geographical position of Germany allows for cultural exchange, trade, and easy access to various European destinations. With its diverse bordering nations, Germany serves as a gateway to exploring the rich history, landscapes, and traditions of its neighboring countries.

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