Italian-speaking countries around the world

Italian-speaking countries around the world

Italy is not the only place where Italian is spoken. In fact, there are several Italian-speaking countries scattered around the globe. These countries have embraced the Italian language and culture, creating a vibrant and diverse Italian-speaking community. From neighboring European countries to far-flung destinations in Africa and the Americas, this article explores the different Italian-speaking countries worldwide and sheds light on their unique linguistic and cultural contributions. Whether you are an Italian language enthusiast, a traveler, or simply curious about the spread of Italian, this comprehensive guide will provide you with valuable insights into the global reach of the Italian language.

Italian-speaking countries in Europe


Italy is a beautiful country located in Southern Europe. It is not only known for its rich culture, history, and delicious cuisine but also for being the birthplace of the Italian language. Italian is the official language of Italy and is spoken by the majority of its population. From the picturesque canals of Venice to the ancient ruins of Rome, Italy offers a diverse range of attractions for visitors to explore.

San Marino

Nestled within the borders of Italy, San Marino is a small independent country known for its stunning mountainous landscapes and medieval architecture. Italian is the official language of San Marino, and it is widely spoken by its inhabitants. Despite its small size, San Marino boasts a unique cultural heritage and a charming atmosphere that attracts tourists from around the world.

Vatican City

Vatican City, an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, is the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. While Latin is the official language of the Vatican, Italian is widely spoken and used for daily communication. As the smallest internationally recognized independent state in the world, Vatican City holds immense historical and religious significance. Visitors can explore iconic landmarks such as St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican Museums while immersing themselves in the beauty of the Italian language.

Italian-speaking countries in South America


Argentina, located in the southern part of South America, is home to a significant population of Italian speakers. The Italian language has a strong presence in Argentina due to the massive influx of Italian immigrants during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Italian is widely spoken in various regions of the country, especially in Buenos Aires, where a large Italian community exists. The influence of the Italian language can be seen not only in everyday conversations but also in cultural aspects such as music, food, and traditions.


Uruguay, a neighboring country of Argentina, also boasts a considerable number of Italian speakers. The Italian language has a long history in Uruguay, primarily due to the waves of Italian immigrants who settled in the country throughout the 20th century. Italian is recognized as one of the minority languages in Uruguay, and it is commonly spoken by a significant portion of the population. Italian cultural heritage can be witnessed in various aspects of Uruguayan society, including cuisine, festivals, and familial traditions.


In Brazil, Italian is spoken in certain regions, particularly in the southern states such as Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, and Paraná. The Italian language in Brazil can be traced back to the immigration movements that occurred in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, when thousands of Italians arrived in the country. Despite Portuguese being the official language of Brazil, Italian holds a special place in the hearts of many Brazilians of Italian descent. Italian dialects and traditions continue to thrive in specific communities, contributing to the cultural diversity of the country.

These South American countries have preserved the Italian language and culture through generations, creating vibrant communities that showcase the rich heritage of Italy. The existence of Italian speakers in these countries serves as a testament to the lasting impact of Italian immigration and the enduring connections between these nations and Italy.

Italian-speaking countries in North America

United States

Italian is spoken by a significant number of people in the United States. With a rich Italian heritage, the language has been preserved and passed down through generations. Italian communities can be found in various parts of the country, particularly in cities like New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. These communities have played a vital role in keeping the Italian language alive, organizing cultural events, and establishing Italian schools for language education.


Canada is another North American country where Italian is spoken. Italian immigrants have a long history in Canada, dating back to the late 19th century. Today, Italian is one of the most widely spoken languages in the country, particularly in cities like Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. The Italian-Canadian community has contributed significantly to Canadian society, bringing their language, traditions, and culture along with them. Italian language schools, cultural centers, and festivals are prevalent across Canada, providing opportunities for Italian language learners and preserving the language for future generations.

Italian-speaking countries in Africa


Tunisia, located in North Africa, is one of the Italian-speaking countries in Africa. The Italian language has a significant presence in Tunisia due to its historical ties with Italy. Italian is spoken by a small minority in the country, particularly among the older generations. This is mainly attributed to the Italian occupation during the early 20th century. Today, Italian language courses are offered in some Tunisian universities, and there are cultural exchange programs between Italy and Tunisia that promote the learning and usage of Italian.


Libya, situated in the Maghreb region of North Africa, is another Italian-speaking country in Africa. Italian was once widely spoken in Libya during the period of Italian colonization, which lasted from 1911 to 1943. The Italian language left a lasting impact on Libyan society, and even after Libya gained independence, Italian continued to be spoken by a portion of the population. However, due to political changes and the decline of Italian influence, the number of Italian speakers in Libya has significantly decreased over the years.


Eritrea, a country located in the Horn of Africa, also has a notable presence of Italian speakers. Italian was the official language during the Italian colonial period, which lasted from the late 19th century until 1947. Even after Eritrea gained independence, Italian remained one of the official languages until 1993. Today, there is a significant Italian-speaking community in Eritrea, particularly among the older generations, who have preserved the language through cultural and familial ties. Italian is still taught in some schools and universities in Eritrea, and it continues to play a role in the country’s cultural heritage.

These three African countries – Tunisia, Libya, and Eritrea – have maintained a connection to the Italian language throughout their history, whether through colonization, cultural exchange, or educational programs. The presence of Italian speakers in these countries serves as a reminder of the historical and cultural ties between Italy and Africa.

Italian-speaking countries in Oceania


Australia, a country located in Oceania, is home to a significant Italian-speaking population. With a rich history of Italian migration, the Italian language has found its place in various communities across the country.

Italian immigrants started arriving in Australia as early as the 19th century, seeking better opportunities and a new life. Today, Italian-speaking communities can be found in major cities such as Melbourne, Sydney, and Adelaide. These communities have played a vital role in preserving Italian culture and language in Australia.

In addition to the Italian diaspora, Australia also attracts Italian tourists and students who come to explore the country’s diverse landscapes and pursue educational opportunities. This further contributes to the presence of Italian speakers in Australia.

Italian language schools, cultural associations, and community centers provide resources and support for those interested in learning and maintaining the Italian language. These institutions organize events, language classes, and cultural programs, fostering a sense of community and connection among Italian speakers in Australia.

Moreover, Italian cuisine and cultural traditions have become popular across the country, with Italian restaurants, cafes, and festivals celebrating the richness of Italian culture. This has not only created a space for Italians to share their language but has also introduced Australian locals to the beauty and flavor of Italy.

In conclusion, Australia stands as one of the Italian-speaking countries in Oceania, boasting a vibrant Italian-speaking community that contributes to the multicultural fabric of the nation. The Italian language continues to thrive in Australia through the efforts of its communities and institutions, ensuring its preservation for future generations.

Italian-speaking countries around the world have a rich cultural heritage and a strong sense of community. From Italy itself to countries like Switzerland, San Marino, and Vatican City, Italian is not just a language but a symbol of unity and identity. As we have explored in this article, the Italian language has spread far beyond its borders, connecting people across different continents and fostering a deep appreciation for the Italian culture. Whether you are a language enthusiast, a traveler, or simply curious about the diversity of languages, exploring Italian-speaking countries is a fascinating journey that opens doors to new experiences, connections, and a deeper understanding of the global impact of language.

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