What countries speak Turkish?

What countries speak Turkish?

Turkish is not only the official language of Turkey, but it is also spoken in several other countries across the globe. With its rich history and cultural influence, Turkish has managed to establish itself as a significant language in various regions. In this article, we will explore the countries where Turkish is spoken, providing you with an insightful overview of the widespread presence and importance of this fascinating language.

Countries where Turkish is an official language


Turkey is the primary and most prominent country where Turkish is an official language. Located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, Turkey is a transcontinental nation with a rich cultural heritage. Turkish is the national language of Turkey and is spoken by the majority of the population. It serves as the lingua franca for communication across the country and holds a significant place in Turkish society.

Northern Cyprus

Northern Cyprus, officially known as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, is another country where Turkish is recognized as an official language. Situated on the northern part of the island of Cyprus, it shares its borders with the Republic of Cyprus. Turkish Cypriots constitute the majority of the population in Northern Cyprus, and the Turkish language plays a central role in governmental, educational, and cultural affairs.

These two countries, Turkey and Northern Cyprus, stand as strong examples of nations where Turkish holds official status. With their unique histories and cultural landscapes, they contribute to the linguistic diversity of the Turkish-speaking world.

Countries with significant Turkish-speaking populations


Germany is home to a significant Turkish-speaking population. With a history of immigration dating back to the 1960s, there are currently over 3 million people of Turkish origin residing in the country. Turkish is widely spoken in various cities and regions across Germany, particularly in areas like Berlin, Hamburg, and Cologne. The Turkish community has played a vital role in shaping the cultural diversity of Germany, with Turkish restaurants, shops, and cultural events being a common sight.


Bulgaria is another country with a significant Turkish-speaking population. The Turkish minority in Bulgaria is recognized and protected by the government, and they contribute to the cultural richness of the nation. The Turkish language is widely spoken in areas like the southern regions of Bulgaria, including cities such as Plovdiv, Burgas, and Haskovo. The Turkish community in Bulgaria has preserved its heritage and traditions, making it an integral part of the country’s multicultural tapestry.


The Netherlands is also home to a notable Turkish-speaking population. Turkish immigrants have been settling in the Netherlands since the 1960s, primarily for work and educational opportunities. Today, there are sizable Turkish communities in cities like Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and The Hague. Turkish is spoken in various social and cultural settings, and the community has established mosques, cultural centers, and organizations to maintain their language and cultural identity. The Turkish community in the Netherlands continues to contribute to the country’s vibrant multicultural landscape.

These countries, including Germany, Bulgaria, and the Netherlands, have significant Turkish-speaking populations that have greatly influenced their cultural diversity and enriched their societies.

Countries with Turkish-speaking minorities


Greece is home to a significant Turkish-speaking minority. Located in the northeastern region of the country, the Turkish-speaking population in Greece primarily resides in the Western Thrace region. This minority community has a rich cultural heritage and has been an integral part of the Greek society for centuries. The Turkish language is still actively spoken and preserved within this community, serving as a reminder of the historical and cultural ties between Greece and Turkey.


In Iraq, there exists a Turkish-speaking minority concentrated in the northern regions of the country. Primarily residing in the Nineveh, Dohuk, and Erbil governorates, this community has its roots in the historical connections between Iraq and the Ottoman Empire. The Turkish language is spoken and maintained within this minority group, contributing to the linguistic diversity of Iraq as a nation.


Macedonia, officially known as the Republic of North Macedonia, is another country with a Turkish-speaking minority. The Turkish community in Macedonia is predominantly concentrated in the western part of the country, particularly in the regions of Tetovo and Gostivar. The Turkish language holds significant importance within this community and is actively used in daily life, education, and cultural expressions. The Turkish-speaking minority in Macedonia adds to the country’s multicultural fabric and contributes to its linguistic diversity.

These three countries, Greece, Iraq, and Macedonia, are examples of places where Turkish-speaking minorities have thrived, preserving their language and cultural heritage despite being surrounded by different linguistic and cultural contexts.

The article "What countries speak Turkish?" provides a comprehensive overview of the countries where Turkish is spoken. By examining the historical and cultural influences, as well as the linguistic similarities, the article highlights that Turkish is the official language of Turkey and is spoken by significant populations in several other countries, including Cyprus, Iraq, and Bulgaria. Additionally, the article emphasizes the importance of understanding the distribution of Turkish speakers for various purposes such as business, travel, and cultural exchange. Overall, this article serves as a valuable resource for anyone interested in gaining insights into the countries where Turkish is spoken and the significance of this language in diverse regions.

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