What countries speak Vietnamese?

What countries speak Vietnamese?

Vietnamese is the official language of Vietnam and is spoken by the majority of its population. However, Vietnamese is not only confined to Vietnam. It is also spoken by significant communities in several other countries around the world. In this article, we will explore the countries where Vietnamese is spoken, highlighting the cultural and historical significance of the language in these regions. Whether you are planning a trip to Vietnam or simply interested in learning about the global reach of Vietnamese, this article will provide you with valuable insights.

Countries in Southeast Asia


Vietnam, officially known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is a country located in Southeast Asia. It is the primary and official country where Vietnamese is spoken. Vietnamese is the native language of the Vietnamese people and is spoken by the majority of the population in Vietnam. The language has its roots in the Austroasiatic language family and is known for its tonal nature.


Cambodia, officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia, is another country in Southeast Asia where Vietnamese is spoken. While Khmer is the official language of Cambodia, Vietnamese is spoken by a minority population in certain regions of the country. The presence of Vietnamese speakers in Cambodia can be attributed to historical migration and cultural connections between the two nations.


Laos, officially known as the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, is yet another country in Southeast Asia where Vietnamese is spoken. Similar to Cambodia, Vietnamese is not the official language of Laos but is spoken by a minority population. The presence of Vietnamese speakers in Laos can be traced back to cultural exchanges and historical ties between the two countries.

In conclusion, while Vietnamese is primarily spoken in Vietnam, it is also spoken by minority populations in neighboring countries such as Cambodia and Laos. These countries in Southeast Asia have cultural and historical connections that have influenced the presence of Vietnamese speakers in their territories.

Countries with Vietnamese-speaking Communities

United States

Vietnamese is spoken by a significant number of people in the United States. With a large Vietnamese diaspora, the language has established vibrant communities across the country. The majority of Vietnamese speakers in the United States reside in states such as California, Texas, and Washington. In these regions, you can find numerous Vietnamese cultural centers, restaurants, and businesses catering to the community. Additionally, Vietnamese language programs and schools have been established to preserve and promote the language among younger generations.


Vietnamese-speaking communities can also be found in Canada, particularly in cities like Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal. Over the years, Canada has welcomed a considerable number of Vietnamese immigrants, contributing to the growth of these communities. These areas offer a range of Vietnamese cultural events, festivals, and markets, allowing residents to stay connected to their heritage. Vietnamese language schools and classes are available to ensure the language continues to be spoken and understood by future generations.


France has a long history of Vietnamese immigration, dating back to the colonial period. Today, Vietnamese communities are present in various cities throughout France, with the largest concentrations in Paris, Marseille, and Lyon. These communities have enriched the cultural fabric of the country, offering a diverse range of Vietnamese cuisine, traditions, and celebrations. Vietnamese language classes, cultural associations, and community centers play an important role in preserving the language and fostering a sense of belonging among Vietnamese expatriates in France.

In conclusion, Vietnamese-speaking communities can be found in several countries around the world, including the United States, Canada, and France. These communities contribute to the cultural diversity of their respective countries and actively work towards preserving and promoting the Vietnamese language.

Countries with Official Status for Vietnamese Language


Vietnam is the country where the Vietnamese language originates from. As the official language of Vietnam, Vietnamese is spoken by the majority of the population. It is not only the primary language used in everyday life, but also in education, government, and media. Vietnamese is considered a vital part of the country’s cultural heritage, and its significance is reflected in its official status.


While Khmer is the official language of Cambodia, Vietnamese also holds a significant presence in the country. Due to historical and geographical factors, there is a sizable Vietnamese-speaking community in Cambodia. Many Vietnamese people migrated to Cambodia during different periods, and their language and culture have integrated within certain regions of the country. Consequently, Vietnamese has gained recognition and holds a non-official, but significant, status in Cambodia.

These two countries, Vietnam and Cambodia, play a pivotal role in promoting and preserving the Vietnamese language. With official status in Vietnam and a notable presence in Cambodia, Vietnamese continues to thrive and connect communities across borders.

In conclusion, Vietnamese is primarily spoken in Vietnam, making it the official language of the country. However, due to historical and cultural factors, Vietnamese is also spoken in several other countries such as the United States, Canada, France, and Australia, where Vietnamese communities have settled over the years. The widespread presence of the Vietnamese language in these countries reflects the diaspora and migration patterns of Vietnamese people worldwide. As a result, Vietnamese continues to thrive as a global language, connecting communities across different nations.

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